Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government
Pursuant to the Act of August 15, 1953, Public Law 83-277, 67 Stat. 586, 18 U.S.C. 1161, as interpreted by the Supreme Court in
The Jena Band of Choctaw Indians Liquor Control Ordinance reads as follows:
This Ordinance shall be known as the “Jena Band of Choctaw Indians Liquor Control Ordinance.”
This Ordinance is enacted pursuant to the Act of August 15, 1953 (Pub. L. 83-277, 67 Stat. 686, 18 U.S.C. 1161), the Constitution of the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians (the “Constitution”), and the Tribe's inherent sovereign authority. The Tribal Council, as the governing body of the Tribe, is empowered pursuant to Article VIII, Section 1(j) and Section 1(l), respectively, of the Constitution to “[p]romote and protect the health, peace, morals, education, and general welfare of the tribe and its members;” and to “[e]stablish policies relating to tribal economic affairs and enterprises consistent with this Constitution.” Furthermore, the Tribal Council is empowered pursuant to Article VIII, Section 1(o) and Section 1(n), respectively, to “[p]ass any ordinance and/or resolution necessary or incidental to the exercise of any of the foregoing powers and duties” and to
In order to protect the health, safety, and social welfare of the members of the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians and the patrons of businesses located on Tribal Lands, and be consistent with the principles enunciated by the United States Supreme Court in
The purpose of this Ordinance is to authorize, regulate, and control the introduction, possession, and sale of Liquor on the Tribal Lands of the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians in accordance with Federal law, the laws of the State of Louisiana, and the laws of the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians. The enactment of this Ordinance will enhance the ability of the Tribal government to control all Liquor related activities within the jurisdiction of the Tribe. This Ordinance is enacted in conjunction with the laws of the State of Louisiana applicable to the sale and distribution of Liquor pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1161.
This Ordinance applies to all Tribal Lands, as defined herein. This Ordinance shall extend to all Persons, as defined herein, receiving or requiring Licenses hereunder, or doing business on Tribal Lands, or having significant contacts within Tribal Lands, or residing within Tribal Lands, or entering into or coming within Tribal Lands, or consuming, possessing, manufacturing, or distributing Liquor within Tribal Lands. All such Persons shall be deemed to have consented to the jurisdiction of the Tribe, and shall, by virtue of such actions, be deemed to have waived all defenses to the jurisdiction and venue of the Tribe, the Tribal Gaming Commission, and the Tribal Court, notwithstanding that such Persons may be of non-Indian descent or character. Any sale or other commercial distribution of Liquor within Tribal Lands, other than sales and distribution in strict compliance with this Ordinance, is detrimental to the health, safety and welfare of the members of the Tribe and others and is therefore prohibited.
As used in this Ordinance, the following definitions shall apply:
The Tribal Gaming Commission is hereby delegated primary regulatory authority over the subject matter of this Ordinance. The Tribal Gaming Commission, in furtherance of this Ordinance, has the following powers and duties:
(a) To promulgate, publish and enforce such reasonable rules and regulations regarding the purchase, sale, consumption and distribution of alcoholic beverages in public places on Tribal Lands, as the Tribal Gaming Commission deems necessary.
(b) To employ managers, accountants, security personnel, inspectors and such other persons as shall be reasonably necessary to allow the Tribal Gaming Commission or its designee(s) to perform its functions and exercise its authority as set forth in this Ordinance, and such employees shall be tribal employees.
(c) To issue Licenses permitting the introduction, possession, sale and/or distribution of Liquor on Tribal Lands.
(d) To hold hearings on violations of this Ordinance or for the issuance, suspension, or revocation of Licenses for the sale of Liquor on Tribal Lands;
(e) To bring suit in Tribal Court, in the name of the Tribe to enforce this Ordinance as the Tribal Gaming Commission may deem to be necessary;
(f) To determine and seek damages and collect civil fines imposed by the Tribal Gaming Commission for violation of this Ordinance;
(g) To publish notices and, in the case of any Tribal Council designee(s), make such reports to the Tribal Council as may be appropriate;
(h) To collect sales taxes and fees levied or set by the Tribal Council on liquor sales and the issuance of liquor licenses, and to keep accurate records, books and accounts;
(i) To take or facilitate all action necessary to follow or implement applicable provisions of the laws of the State as required;
(j) To cooperate with appropriate State of Louisiana authorities for purposes of prosecution of any violation of any criminal law of the State of Louisiana; and
(k) To exercise such other powers as may be necessary and appropriate, and in the case of any Tribal Council designee(s), delegated from time to time by the Tribal Council, to implement and enforce this Ordinance.
In the exercise of its powers and duties under this Ordinance, the Tribal Gaming Commission and its individual members, employees and agents shall not:
(a) Accept any gratuity, compensation or other thing of value from any liquor wholesaler, retailer or distributor, or from any licensee; or
(b) Waive the immunity of the Tribe from suit except by express resolution of the Tribal Council, such waiver being subject to the following limitations: The waiver must be transaction specific, limited as to duration and beneficiary, include a provision that limits recourse only to specified assets or revenues of the Tribe or a Tribal entity, and specify the process and venue for dispute resolution, including applicable law.
In order to control the proliferation of establishments within Tribal Lands that sell or provide Liquor, all persons or entities that desire to sell Liquor, whether wholesale or retail, within the exterior boundaries of the Tribal Lands must apply to the Tribal Gaming Commission for a license to sell or provide Liquor; provided, however, that no License is necessary to provide Liquor within a private single-family residence on the Tribal Lands for which no money is requested or paid.
Any person applying for a License to sell or provide Liquor on Tribal Lands shall complete and submit an application provided for this purpose by the Tribal Gaming Commission and pay such application fee as may be set from time to time by the Tribal Gaming Commission, and approved by the Tribal Council, for this purpose. An incomplete application will not be considered.
An application to sell or provide Liquor within Tribal Lands shall be submitted to the Tribal Gaming Commission, in triplicate; and application forms shall consist of the following:
(a) The application shall set forth the name of the applicant organization; and
(b) The application shall attach the ordinance(s) and resolution(s) under which the applicant organization is chartered and regulated; and
(c) The application shall describe specifically the land or building where the applicant organization will sell intoxicating beverages or beer; and
(d) The application shall conform to the requirements of the laws of the State as they relate to obtaining of liquor licenses elsewhere in the State.
The Tribal Gaming Commission may reject any application for a License, or for a renewal of a License, under this Ordinance, if the applicant previously has committed acts which have resulted in the suspension or revocation of a License under this Ordinance.
In the event dual Tribal and State licenses are required by State Law, no person shall be allowed or permitted to sell or provide Liquor on the Tribal Lands unless such person is also licensed by the State, as required, to sell or provide such Liquor. If any such license from the State is revoked or suspended, any applicable Tribal License shall automatically be revoked or suspended.
Licenses for the sale of Liquor issued by the Tribal Gaming Commission shall contain the following requirements:
(a) Each license shall require its holder to conform its operations to State Law that relate to the sale or possession of Liquor;
(b) No license shall be effective for a term more than one year from the date of its issuance, and each renewal thereof shall be subject to the same procedures that apply the initial issuance of a license;
(c) Each license shall explicitly state that its continued validity is dependent upon the compliance of its holder with all provisions of this Ordinance and State Law that relates to the sale or possession of Liquor and, if applicable, a Tribal-State Gaming Compact or Class III Gaming Procedures issued by the Secretary of the Department of the Interior.
The Tribal Gaming Commission may issue a License if it believes such issuance is in the best interests of the Tribe, the residents of the Tribal Lands, and the surrounding community. Licensure is a privilege, not a right, and the decision to issue any License rests in the sole discretion of the Tribal Gaming Commission. Licenses issued by the Tribal Gaming Commission shall not be transferable and may only be utilized by the person or entity in whose name it was issued.
The public places on or within which Liquor is sold or distributed on Tribal Lands shall be open for inspection by the Tribal Gaming Commission or its designee(s) at all reasonable times for the purposes of ascertaining compliance with this Ordinance and other regulations promulgated pursuant hereto.
All Liquor sales shall be on Tribal Land, including leases thereon and shall be on a cash only basis. No credit shall be extended to any person, organization or entity, except that this provision does not prevent the payment for purchases with the use of cashiers or personal checks, payroll checks, debit credit cards or credit cards issued by any financial institution.
Except for sales by Licensed Wholesalers, all sales shall be for the personal use and consumption of the purchaser or members of the purchaser's household, including guests, who are over the age of twenty-one (21). Resale of any Alcoholic Beverage purchased within the exterior boundaries of the Tribal Lands is prohibited. Any person who is not licensed pursuant to this Ordinance who purchases an Alcoholic Beverage within the Tribal Lands and re-sells it, whether in the original container or not, shall be guilty of a violation of this Ordinance and shall be subject to exclusion from the Tribal Lands or liability for money damages of up to five hundred dollars ($500), as determined by the Tribal Gaming Commission after notice and an opportunity to be heard.
All distribution, sale and consumption of Liquor within the Tribal Lands shall be in compliance with this Ordinance and all applicable provisions of State Law.
The Tribal Gaming Commission shall have the authority to revoke any License issued under this Ordinance, under the following procedures:
(a) Upon receiving information that the holder of a License under this Ordinance may have violated the terms of the License or applicable State Law or Tribal Law, the Tribal Gaming Commission shall give the License holder written notice that the Tribal Gaming Commission intends to suspend or revoke the holder's License. Such notice shall be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the License holder, and shall specify the grounds for the proposed suspension or revocation.
(b) Any License holder who receives notice of a proposed suspension or revocation may request a hearing by the Tribal Gaming Commission, by sending a written request therefore by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the Chairman of the Tribal Gaming Commission at the Tribal Gaming Commission Office, within seven (7) days of the License holder's receipt of notice.
(c) Upon receipt of a request for hearing under this Ordinance, the Tribal Gaming Commission shall set a date for a hearing, which shall be no later than thirty (30) days from the date of the receipt of the hearing request.
(d) At a hearing held under this Ordinance, the holder of a License under this Ordinance shall be permitted to present evidence with respect to its compliance with the terms of its License and applicable State Law and Tribal Law. In reaching its decision, the Tribal Gaming Commission may consider such evidence, together with all other evidence it deems relevant. Following a hearing, if in the judgment of the Tribal Gaming Commission, the License holder has not complied with the terms of its License and applicable State Law and Tribal Law, the Tribal Gaming Commission shall suspend or revoke its License; and if in the judgment of a Tribal Court, and if not yet established the Tribal Council, the terms of the License and applicable State Law and Tribal Law have been complied with, the proceedings shall be dismissed. In either case, the decision of the Tribal Gaming Commission shall be final.
The Tribal Gaming Commission shall have the authority to impose a sales tax on all wholesale and retail Liquor sales that take place within the Tribal Lands. Such tax may be implemented by duly enacted resolution of the Tribal Gaming Commission, as supplemented by regulations adopted by the Tribal Gaming Commission pursuant to this Ordinance. Any tax imposed by authority of this Article shall apply to all retail and wholesale sales of Liquor Tribal Lands, and to the extent permitted shall preempt any tax imposed on such Liquor sales by the State of Louisiana.
All taxes imposed pursuant to this Article XI shall be paid over to the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians and be subject to distribution by the Tribal Council in accordance with its usual appropriation procedures for essential governmental functions and social services, including administration of this Ordinance.
The gross proceeds collected by the Tribe from all Licensing of the sale of Alcoholic Beverages within the Tribal Lands and from fines imposed as a result of violations of this Ordinance, shall be applied as follows:
(a) First, for the payment of all necessary personnel, administrative costs, and legal ees incurred in the enforcement of this Ordinance; and
(b) Second, the remainder shall be turned over to the General Fund of the Tribe and expended by the Tribal Council for governmental services and programs on the Reservation.
If any provision or application of this Ordinance is determined by judicial review to be invalid, such provision shall be deemed ineffective and void, but shall not render ineffectual the remaining portions of this Ordinance, which shall remain in full force and effect.
This Ordinance shall be effective as of the date on which the Secretary of the Department of the Interior certifies this Ordinance and publishes the same in the
Any and all prior resolutions, laws, regulations or ordinances pertaining to the subject matter set forth in this Ordinance are hereby rescinded and repealed in their entirety.
All acts and transactions under this Ordinance shall be in conformity with the laws of the State of Louisiana to the extent required by 18 U.S.C. 1161 and with all federal laws regarding alcohol in Indian Country.
This Ordinance may be amended only pursuant to a duly enacted Tribal Council Resolution with certification by the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and publication in the
Nothing contained in this Ordinance is intended to nor does it in any way limit, alter, restrict, or waive the Tribe's sovereign immunity from unconsented suit or action.