Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government
The PBGC Office of Inspector General (OIG) conducts criminal, civil and administrative investigations and compiles and maintains case files containing identifying information about potential subjects and sources. PBGC is proposing a new system of records subject to the Privacy Act of 1974,
PBGC is proposing to amend its regulations implementing the Privacy Act (29 CFR part 4902) to exempt, under 5 U.S.C. 552a(j) and (k), certain records that will be maintained in PBGC-17 from the access, contest, and certain other provisions of the Privacy Act. The amendment would protect the information gathered to carry out OIG's law enforcement mission to investigate criminal, civil, and administrative matters. The exemptions relate to records maintained by OIG pertaining to the enforcement of criminal laws (see 5 U.S.C. 552a(j)(2)) and investigatory material compiled for law enforcement generally (see 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(2)), and for determining individuals' eligibility or qualifications for Federal employment or Federal contracts (see 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(5)).
Section 411 of the Pension Protection Act of 2006, Public Law 109-280, amended section 4002(a) of ERISA to state that PBGC is to be administered by a Director appointed by the President, subject to Senate confirmation. Thus, PBGC proposes to replace all references
This proposed rule would update the definition of PBGC's Disclosure Officer, remove the definition of Disclosure Officer from regulation § 4901.2 and § 4902.2, and centralize the definition in § 4001.2. The proposed rule also would direct individuals to PBGC's Web site (
PBGC has determined that this action is not a “significant regulatory action” under the criteria set forth in Executive Order 12866.
PBGC certifies under section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act that the proposed rule, if adopted, would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The rule would only affect the maintenance and disclosure of information about individuals by PBGC under the Privacy Act and therefore would have no economic impact on entities of any size. Accordingly, sections 603 and 604 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act do not apply.
Freedom of information.
For the reasons set forth above, PBGC is proposing to amend 29 CFR parts 4001, 4901, and 4902 as follows:
1. The authority citation for Part 4001 continues to read as follows:
29 U.S.C. 1301, 1302(b)(3).
2. Section 4001.2 is amended by adding a new definition in alphabetical order to read as follows:
3. The authority citation for Part 4901 continues to read as follows:
5 U.S.C. 552, 29 U.S.C. 1302(b)(3).
4. Section 4901.2 is amended by removing the definition of
5. Section 4901.11 is amended by removing the words “Communications and Public Affairs Department” and adding in their place “Office of the General Counsel”; and removing the number “240” and adding in its place the number “11101”.
6. The authority citation for Part 4902 continues to read as follows:
5 U.S.C. 552a.
7. Section 4902.1 is revised to read as follows:
(1) An individual may—
(i) Determine whether PBGC maintains any system of records that contains a record pertaining to the individual;
(ii) Obtain access to the individual's record upon request;
(iii) Make a request to amend the individual's record; and
(iv) Appeal a denial of a request to amend the individual's record; and
(2) PBGC will make an initial determination of a request to amend an individual's record.
8. Section 4902.2 is amended by removing the definition of
9. Section 4902.3(a) is amended by removing the words “on any working day in the Communications and Public Affairs Department, PBGC, 1200 K Street, NW., Suite 240, Washington, DC 20005-4026.” and adding in their place “on any working day. Current information on how to make a request, including the Disclosure Officer's mailing address and location, can be obtained on PBGC's Web site,
10. Section 4902.4(a) is amended by removing the words “Communications and Public Affairs Department, Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, 1200 K Street NW., Washington, DC 20005-4026” and adding in their place “PBGC”; and by adding at the end of the paragraph the words “Current information on where the records may be inspected and copied can be obtained on PBGC's Web site,
11. Section 4902.6(a) is amended by removing the word “Executive”.
12. In § 4902.7, paragraph (a) is amended by removing the words “Deputy Executive Director” and adding in their place “Deputy Director for Operations”, and paragraph (b) is amended by removing the words “the Executive Director” and adding in their place “the Director”; and by removing the words “Deputy Executive Director” wherever they appear, and adding in their place “Deputy Director for Operations”.
13. Sections 4902.9 and 4902.10 are redesignated as §§ 4902.10 and 4902.12, respectively, and the newly redesignated § 4902.10 is revised to read as follows:
14. New §§ 4902.9 and 4902.11 are added to read as follows:
Subsections 552a(j) and (k) of title 5, U.S.C., authorize the PBGC to exempt systems of records meeting certain criteria from various other subsections of section 552a. This section contains a summary of the Privacy Act provisions for which PBGC claims an exemption for the systems of records discussed in this part pursuant to, and to the extent permitted by, subsections 552a(j) and (k):
(a) Subsection (c)(3) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to make available to the individual named in the records an accounting of each disclosure of records.
(b) Subsection (c)(4) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to inform any person or other agency to which a record has been disclosed of any correction or notation of dispute the agency has made to the record in accordance with subsection (d) of the Privacy Act.
(c) Subsections (d)(1) through (4) of 5 U.S.C. 552a require an agency to permit an individual to gain access to records about the individual, to request amendment of such records, to request a review of an agency decision not to amend such records, and to provide a statement of disagreement about a disputed record to be filed and disclosed with the disputed record.
(d) Subsection (e)(1) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to maintain in its records only such information about an individual that is relevant and necessary to accomplish a purpose required by statute or executive order of the President.
(e) Subsection (e)(2) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to collect information to the greatest extent practicable directly from the subject individual when the information may result in adverse determinations about an individual's rights, benefits, and privileges under federal programs.
(f) Subsection (e)(3) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to inform each person whom it asks to supply information of the authority under which the information is sought, whether disclosure is mandatory or voluntary, the principal purpose(s) for which the information will be used, the routine uses that may be made of the information, and the effects of not providing the information.
(g) Subsection (e)(4)(G) and (H) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to publish a Federal Register notice of its procedures whereby an individual can be notified upon request whether the system of records contains information about the individual, how to gain access to any record about the individual contained in the system, and how to contest its content.
(h) Subsection (e)(5) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to maintain its records with such accuracy, relevance, timeliness, and completeness as is reasonably necessary to ensure fairness to the individual in making any determination about the individual.
(i) Subsection (e)(8) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to make reasonable efforts to serve notice on an individual when any record on such individual is made available to any person under compulsory legal process when such process becomes a matter of public record.
(j) Subsection (f) of 5 U.S.C. 552a requires an agency to establish procedures whereby an individual can be notified upon request if any system of records named by the individual contains a record pertaining to the individual, obtain access to the record, and request amendment.
(k) Subsection (g) of 5 U.S.C. 552a provides for civil remedies if an agency fails to comply with the access and amendment provisions of subsections (d)(1) and (d)(3), and with other provisions of the Privacy Act, or any rule promulgated thereunder, in such a way as to have an adverse effect on an individual.
(i) Disclosure to the individual named in the record pursuant to subsections (c)(3), (c)(4), or (d)(1) through (4) could seriously impede or compromise the investigation by alerting the target(s), subjecting a potential witness or witnesses to intimidation or improper influence, and leading to destruction of evidence.
(ii) Application of subsection (e)(1) is impractical because the relevance of specific information might be established only after considerable analysis and as the investigation progresses. Effective law enforcement requires the Office of Inspector General to keep information that may not be relevant to a specific Office of Inspector General investigation, but which may provide leads for appropriate law enforcement and to establish patterns of activity that might relate to the jurisdiction of the Office of Inspector General and/or other agencies.
(iii) Application of subsection (e)(2) would be counterproductive to performance of a criminal investigation because it would alert the individual to the existence of an investigation.
(iv) Application of subsection (e)(3) could discourage the free flow of information in a criminal law enforcement inquiry.
(v) The requirements of subsections (e)(4)(G) and (H), and (f) do not apply because this system is exempt from the provisions of subsection (d). Nevertheless, PBGC has published notice of its notification, access, and contest procedures because access is appropriate in some cases.
(vi) Although the Office of Inspector General endeavors to maintain accurate records, application of subsection (e)(5) is impractical because maintaining only those records that are accurate, relevant, timely, and complete and that assure fairness in determination is contrary to established investigative techniques. Information that may initially appear inaccurate, irrelevant, untimely, or incomplete may, when collated and analyzed with other available information, become more pertinent as an investigation progresses.
(vii) Application of subsection (e)(8) could prematurely reveal an ongoing criminal investigation to the subject of the investigation.
(viii) The provisions of subsection (g) do not apply to this system if an exemption otherwise applies.