Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government
Entities interested in obtaining a critical use exemption must complete the application form available at
In addition to requesting information from applicants for the critical use exemption, this solicitation for information provides an opportunity for any interested party to provide EPA with information on methyl bromide alternatives (
You should contact your local, state, regional, or national commodity association to find out whether it plans to submit an application on behalf of your commodity group.
Additionally, you should contact your state regulatory agency (generally this will be the state's agriculture or environmental protection agency) to receive information about its involvement in the process. If your state agency has chosen to participate, EPA recommends that you first submit your application to the state agency, which will then forward applications to EPA. The National Pesticide Information Center Web site identifies the lead pesticide agency in each state (http://npic.orst.edu/state1.htm).
An application form for the methyl bromide critical use exemption can be obtained either in electronic or hard-copy form. EPA encourages use of the electronic form. Applications can be obtained in the following ways:
1. PDF format and Microsoft Excel at EPA's Web site:
2. Hard copy ordered through the Stratospheric Ozone Protection Hotline at 1-800-296-1996;
3. Hard-copy format at DOCKET ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0277. The docket can be accessed at the
To support the assertion that a specific use of methyl bromide is “critical,” applicants are expected to demonstrate that there are no technically and economically feasible alternatives available for that use. The Parties to the Montreal Protocol have developed an “International Index” of methyl bromide alternatives, which lists chemical and non-chemical alternatives by crop. In 2008, the United States submitted an index of alternatives, which includes the current registration status of available and potential alternatives, that is available on the Ozone Secretariat Web site:
Applicants must address technical, regulatory, and economic issues that limit the adoption of “chemical alternatives” and combinations of “chemical” and “non-chemical alternatives” listed for their crop within the “U.S. Index” of Methyl Bromide Alternatives. Applicants must also address technical, regulatory, and economic issues that limit the adoption of “non-chemical alternatives” and combinations of “chemical” and “non-chemical alternatives” listed for their crop in the “International Index.”
You may assert a business confidentiality claim covering part or all of the information by placing on (or attaching to) the information, at the time it is submitted to EPA, a cover sheet, stamped or typed legend, or other suitable form of notice employing language such as “trade secret,” “proprietary,” or “company confidential.” You should clearly identify the allegedly confidential portions of otherwise non-confidential documents, and you may submit them separately to facilitate identification and handling by EPA. If you desire confidential treatment only until a certain date or until the occurrence of a certain event, your notice should state that. Information covered by a claim of confidentiality will be disclosed by EPA only to the extent, and by means of the procedures, set forth under 40 CFR part 2, subpart B; 41 FR 36752, 43 FR 40000, 50 FR 51661. If no claim of confidentiality accompanies the information when EPA receives it, EPA may make it available to the public without further notice.
If you are asserting a business confidentiality claim covering part or all of the information in the application, please submit a non-confidential version that EPA can place in the public docket for reference by other interested parties. Do not include on the “Worksheet Six: Application Summary” page of the application any information that you wish to claim as confidential business information. Any information on Worksheet 6 shall not be considered confidential and will not be treated as such by the Agency. EPA will place a copy of Worksheet 6 in the public domain. Applications that are not confidential business information will be placed in the Docket in their entirety. Please note, claiming business confidentiality may delay EPA's ability to review your application.
A “Notice of Intent to Apply” is not required, but would facilitate the organization of the application review during the critical use exemption process. If EPA is aware of the consortia and the individuals who intend to submit applications 30 days before the application deadline, the technical experts will be better positioned to review the application. This Notice may be submitted to Robert Burchard via e-mail at
EPA will not accept any applications postmarked after July 20, 2009. If the application is postmarked by the deadline but is incomplete or missing any data elements, EPA will not accept the application and will not include the application in the U.S. nomination submitted for international consideration. If the application is substantially complete with only minor errors, corrections will be accepted. EPA reviewers may also call an applicant for further clarification of an application, even if it is complete.
All consortia or users who did not apply to EPA for the 2008 control period (calendar year) must submit an entire completed application with all Worksheets.
Users must apply to EPA for critical use exemptions on an annual basis. However, if a user group submitted a complete application to EPA in 2008, the user is only required to submit revised copies of the certain Worksheets listed below, though the entire
The October 1998 amendments to the Clean Air Act added sections 604(d)(6), 604(e)(3), and 604(h), requiring EPA to conform the U.S. phaseout schedule for methyl bromide to the provisions of the Montreal Protocol for industrialized countries. Under this schedule methyl bromide was phased out starting in 2005. Additionally, the 1998 amendment allowed EPA to exempt the production and import of methyl bromide from the phaseout for critical uses starting January 1, 2005, to the extent consistent with the Montreal Protocol.
The Montreal Protocol provides an exemption to the phaseout of methyl bromide for critical uses in Article 2H, paragraph 5. The Parties to the Protocol included such an exemption in recognition that alternatives might not be available by 2005 for certain uses of methyl bromide agreed by the Parties to be “critical uses.”
In their Ninth Meeting (1997), the Parties to the Protocol agreed to Decision IX/6, setting forth the following criteria for a “critical use” determination:
(a) That a use of methyl bromide should qualify as “critical” only if the nominating Party determines that:
(i) The specific use is critical because the lack of availability of methyl bromide for that use would result in a significant market disruption; and
(ii) There are no technically and economically feasible alternatives or substitutes available to the user that are acceptable from the standpoint of environment and health and are suitable to the crops and circumstances of the nomination.
(b) That production and consumption, if any, of methyl bromide for a critical use should be permitted only if:
(i) All technically and economically feasible steps have been taken to minimize the critical use and any associated emission of methyl bromide;
(ii) Methyl bromide is not available in sufficient quantity and quality from existing stocks of banked or recycled methyl bromide, also bearing in mind the developing countries' need for methyl bromide;
(iii) It is demonstrated that an appropriate effort is being made to evaluate, commercialize and secure national regulatory approval of alternatives and substitutes, taking into consideration the circumstances of the particular nomination . * * * Non-Article 5 Parties [
A Class I controlled substance that was produced or imported through the expenditure of allowances prior to its phaseout date can continue to be used by industry and the public after that specific chemical's phaseout under EPA's phaseout regulations, unless otherwise precluded under separate regulations.
Under the provisions of both the CAA and the Montreal Protocol, the critical use exemption became available to approved users on January 1, 2005. There is both a domestic and international component to the critical use exemption process. The following outline projects a timeline for the process for the next three years.
May 20, 2009: Solicit applications for the methyl bromide critical use exemption for 2012.
July 20, 2009: Deadline for submitting critical use exemption applications to EPA.
Fall 2009: U.S. Government (through EPA, Department of State, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and other interested federal agencies) prepares U.S. Critical Use Nomination package.
January 24, 2010: Deadline for U.S. Government to submit U.S. nomination package to the Protocol Parties.
Early 2010: Technical and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) and Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee (MBTOC) reviews Parties' nominations for critical use exemptions.
Mid 2010: Parties consider TEAP/MBTOC recommendations.
November 2010: Parties authorize critical use exemptions for methyl bromide for production and consumption in 2012.
Mid 2011: EPA publishes proposed rule for allocating critical use exemptions in the U.S. for 2012.
Late 2011: EPA publishes final rule allocating critical use exemptions in the U.S. for 2012.
January 1, 2012: Critical use exemption permits the limited production and import of methyl bromide for specified uses for the 2012 control period.
42 U.S.C. 7414, 7601, 7671-7671q.