I. General Information
A. Does this Action Apply to Me?
You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. Potentially affected entities may include, but are not limited to:
• Crop production (NAICS code 111).
• Animal production (NAICS code 112).
• Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311).
• Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532).
This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in this unit could also be affected. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes have been provided to assist you and others in determining whether this action might apply to certain entities. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed at the end of the pesticide petition summary of interest.
B. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA?
1.Submitting CBI. Do not submit this information to EPA through regulations.gov or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD-ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD-ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2.
2.Tips for preparing your comments. When submitting comments, remember to:
i. Identify the document by docket ID number and other identifying information (subject heading,Federal Registerdate and page number).
ii. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number.
iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes.
iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/or data that you used.
v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced.
vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and suggest alternatives.
vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats.
viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified.
3.Environmental justice. EPA seeks to achieve environmental justice, the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of any group, including minority and/or low-income populations, in the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. To help address potential environmental justice issues, the Agency seeks information on any groups or segments of the population who, as a result of their location, cultural practices, or other factors, may have a typical or disproportionately high and adverse human health impacts or environmental effects from exposure to the pesticides discussed in this document, compared to the general population.
II. What Action is the Agency Taking?
EPA is announcing its receipt of several pesticide petitions filed under section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), 21 U.S.C. 346a, proposing the establishment or modification of regulations in 40 CFR part 174 or part 180 for residues of pesticide chemicals in or on various food commodities. EPA has determined that the pesticide petitions described in this notice contain the data or information prescribed in FFDCA section 408(d)(2); however, EPA has not fully evaluated the sufficiency of the submitted data at this time or whether the data support granting of the pesticide petitions. Additional data may be needed before EPA can make a final determination on these pesticide petitions.
Pursuant to 40 CFR 180.7(f), a summary of each of the petitions that are the subject of this notice, prepared by the petitioner, is included in a docket EPA has created for each rulemaking. The docket for each of the petitions is available on-line athttp://www.regulations.gov.
As specified in FFDCA section 408(d)(3), (21 U.S.C. 346a(d)(3)), EPA is publishing notice of the petition so that the public has an opportunity to comment on this request for the establishment or modification of regulations for residues of pesticides in or on food commodities. Further information on the petition may be obtained through the petition summary referenced in this unit.
1.PPs 2E6426 and 9E7625. (EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0843). The Interregional Research Project No. 4 (IR-4), 500 College Road East, Suite 201W, Princeton, NJ 08540, proposes to establish a tolerance in 40 CFR part 180 for residues of the herbicide linuron, (3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-methoxy-1-methylurea), and its metabolites convertible to 3,4-dichloroaniline, calculated as linuron, in or on pea, dry at 0.07 parts per million (ppm); parsley, leaves at 2.5 ppm; and parsley, dried leaves at 7.0 ppm forPP 9E7625; and horseradish at 0.050 ppm forPP 2E6426. Adequate enforcement methods are available for the determination of linuron in plant and animal commodities. The Pesticide Analytical Manual (PAM) Vol. II, lists a colorimetric method (Method I, Bleidner et. al.,) and a paper chromatographic method (Method II). Residues of diuron may interfere in Method I. A modified version of Method I, which includes a cellulose column step to separate linuron from diuron, is currently the preferred method for the enforcement of tolerances. Both of these methods determine linuron and all metabolites hydrolyzable to 3,4-dichloroaniline and have limits of detection of 0.05 ppm. Contact: Laura Nollen, (703) 305-7390;firstname.lastname@example.org.
2.PP 9E7573. (EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0823). Syngenta Crop Protection, Inc., P.O. Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419, proposes to establish a tolerance in 40 CFR part 180 for residues of the fungicide difenoconazole, 1-[2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-4-methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-ylmethyl]-1H-1,2,4-triazole, in or on mango at 0.09 parts per million (ppm) and waxapple at 1.5 ppm. The practical analytical method (AG-575B) was submitted for detecting and measuring levels of difenoconazole in or on food with a limit of quantification (LOQ) that allows monitoring of food with residues at or above the levels set in the proposed tolerances. Method REM 147.08 is also available for enforcement method, for the determination of residues of difenoconazole in crops. Residues are qualified by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Contact: Rosemary Kearns, (703) 305-5611;email@example.com.
3.PP 9E7577. (EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0797). The Interregional Research Project No. 4 (IR-4), 500 College Road East, Suite 201W, Princeton, NJ 08540, in cooperation with Canyon Group LLC., c/o Gowan Company, 370 South Main St., Yuma, AZ 85364, proposes to establish a tolerance in 40 CFR part 180 for residues of the herbicide halosulfuron-methyl, methyl 3-chloro-5-[[[[(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]-1-methyl-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate, and its metabolites and degradates (compliance with the tolerance level specified is to be determined by measuring only those halosulfuron-methyl residues convertible to 3-chloro-1-methyl-5-sulfamoylpyrazole-4-carboxylic acid, expressed as the stoichiometric equivalent of halosulfuron-methyl) in or on pea and bean, succulent shelled, subgroup 6B; pea and bean, dried shelled, except soybean, subgroup 6C; vegetables, tuberous and corm, subgroup 1C; bushberry, subgroup 13-07B; apple; rhubarb; and okra at 0.05 ppm. A practical analytical method, gas chromatography with a nitrogen-specific detector, is available for enforcement purposes. The limit of detection is 0.003 ppm. Contact: Sidney Jackson, (703) 305-7610;firstname.lastname@example.org.
4.PPs 9E7588 and 9F7589. (EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0636). Bayer CropScience LP., 2 T.W. Alexander Dr., Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, proposes to establish a tolerance in 40 CFR part 180 for residues of the herbicide indaziflam, N-[(1R,2S)-2,3-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-1H-inden-1-yl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine]-6-(1-fluoroethyl)] and its fluoroethyl-indaziflam metabolite, in or on fruit, pome, group 11; fruit, citrus, group 10; fruit, stone, group 12; nut, tree, group 14; pistachio; grape; and olive at 0.01 ppm; almond, hulls at 0.2 ppmPP 9F7589; and the import tolerance for sugarcane, sugar, refined at 0.01 ppm PP9E7588. Indaziflam residues are quantified in raw agricultural commodities by high pressure liquid chromatography/triple stage quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) using the stable isotopically labeled analytes as internal standards. The LOQ of each analyte was 0.005 ppm for all commodities. Contact: Beth Benbow, (703) 347-8072;email@example.com.
5.PP 9E7604. (EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0813). Interregional Research Project No. 4, 500 College Road East, Suite 201W, Princeton, NJ, 08540-6635, in cooperation with Bayer CropScience, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, proposes to establish a tolerance in 40 CFR part 180 for residues of the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium (butanoic acid, 2-amino-4-(hydroxymethylphosphinyl)-monoammonium salt) and its metabolites, 2-acetamido-4-methylphosphinico-butanoic acid and 3-methylphosphinico-propionic acid, expressed as 2-amino-4-(hydroxymethylphosphinyl)butanoic acid equivalents, in or on corn, sweet, kernel plus cob with husks removed at 0.2 ppm; corn, sweet, forage at 4.0 ppm; and corn, sweet, stover at 6.0 ppm. The enforcement analytical method utilizes gas chromatography for detecting and measuring levels of glufosinate-ammonium and its metabolites with a general limit of quantification of 0.05 ppm. This method allows detection of residues at or above the proposed tolerances. Contact: Sidney Jackson, (703) 305-7610;firstname.lastname@example.org.
6.PP 9E7607. (EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0814). The Interregional Research Project No. 4 (IR-4), 500 College Road East, Suite 201W, Princeton, NJ 08540, in cooperation with Syngenta Crop Protection, Inc., 410 Swing Rd., Greensboro, NC 27419, proposes to establish a tolerance in 40 CFR part 180 for residues of the herbicide, S-metolachlor,S-2-chloro-N-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-N-(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl) acetamide, its R-enantiomer, and its metabolites, determined as the derivatives, 2-[(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)amino]-1-propanol and 4-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-morpholinone, each expressed as the parent compound, in or on carrot at 0.3 ppm; cucumber, okra, sesame seed, and sorghum sweet, at 0.1 ppm;Brassica,leafy greens, subgroup 5B, and turnip, greens at 1.2 ppm; melon, subgroup 9A, and caneberry, subgroup 13-07A at 0.08 ppm; blueberry, lowbush at 1.4 ppm; bushberry, subgroup 13-07B at 0.15 ppm; onion, bulb, subgroup 3-07A at 0.1 ppm; and onion, green, subgroup 3-07B at 2.0 ppm. The Pesticide Analytical Manual (PAM) Vol. II, Pesticide Regulation 180.368 lists a GC/NPD method (Method 1) for determining residues in/on plants and a gas chromatography/mass spectrum detector (GC/MSD) method for determining residues in livestock commodities. These methods determine residues of S-metolachlor and its metabolites as either CGA-37913 or CGA-49751 following acid hydrolysis. The LOQ for the method is 0.03 ppm for CGA-37913 and 0.05 ppm for CGA-49751. Syngenta has also developed a chiral specific analytical method to allow for the determination of residues that are specific to S-metolachlor. It is this chiral specific method that Syngenta and IR-4 proposes for future use as the analytical enforcement method in support of these requested tolerances. Syngenta No. 1848-01 was used in several of the studies in this petition to analyze agricultural commodities. The latter chiral specific method is the same as the updated tolerance enforcement method, except that chiral chromatography and LC/MS/MS are used to separate and quantitate the hydrolysis products SYN-506357 (s-configured enantiomer of CGA-37913) and SYN-508500 (s-configured enantiomer of CGA-49751). Contact: Sidney Jackson, (703) 305-7610;email@example.com.
7.PP 9E7611. (EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0774). The Interregional Research Project No. 4 (IR-4), 500 College Road East, Suite 201W, Princeton, NJ 08540, in cooperation with Syngenta Crop Protection, Inc., 410 Swing Rd., Greensboro, NC 27419, proposes to establish a tolerance in 40 CFR part 180 for residues of the fungicide chlorothalonil (tetrachloroisophthalonitrile) and its metabolite 4-hydroxy-2,5,6-trichloroisophthalonitrile, in or on berry, low growing subgroup 13-07G at 0.01 ppm; bushberry subgroup 13-07B at 1 ppm; onion, bulb, subgroup 3-07A at 0.5 ppm; and onion, green, subgroup 3-07B at 5 ppm. An adequate residue analytical method (gas chromatography) is available for enforcement purposes. The method is listed in the PAM Vol. II. Contact: Sidney Jackson, (703) 305-7610;firstname.lastname@example.org.