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Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2009-0883; Directorate Identifier 97-ANE-08; Amendment 39-16237; AD 97-17-04R1]

RIN 2120-AA64

Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D-209, -217, -217C, and -219 Turbofan Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT).
ACTION: Final rule.
SUMMARY: The FAA is revising an existing airworthiness directive (AD) for Pratt & Whitney JT8D-209, -217, -217C, and -219 turbofan engines with front compressor front hub (fan hub), part number (P/N) 5000501-01 installed. That AD currently requires cleaning the front compressor front hubs (fan hubs), initial and repetitive eddy current (ECI) and fluorescent penetrant inspections (FPI) of tierod and counterweight holes for cracks, removal of bushings, cleaning and ECI and FPI of bushed holes for cracks and, if necessary, replacement with serviceable parts. In addition, that AD currently requires reporting the findings of cracked fan hubs and monthly reports of the number of inspections completed. This AD requires the same actions, except for the monthly reporting of the number of completed inspections. This AD results from the FAA determining that it has collected a sufficient amount of data since issuing AD 97-17-04 and that therefore, it no longer needs the monthly reporting of the number of completed inspections. We are issuing this AD to prevent fan hub failure due to tierod, counterweight, or bushed hole cracking, which could result in an uncontained engine failure and damage to the airplane.
DATES: This AD becomes effective April 22, 2010. The Director of the Federal Register previously approved the incorporation by reference of the publications listed in the regulations as of March 5, 1997 (62 FR 4902).
ADDRESSES: You can get the service information identified in this AD from Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East Hartford, CT 06108; telephone (860) 565-8770; fax (860) 565-4503.

The Docket Operations office is located at Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin Dickert, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail:kevin.dickert@faa.gov;telephone (781) 238-7117; fax (781) 238-7199.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The FAA proposed to amend 14 CFR part 39 with a proposed AD. The proposed AD applies to Pratt & Whitney JT8D-209, -217, -217C, and -219 turbofan engines with front compressor front hub (fan hub), P/N 5000501-01 installed. We published the proposed AD in theFederal Registeron December 21, 2009 (74 FR 67831). That action proposed to require cleaning the front compressor front hubs (fan hubs), initial and repetitive ECI and FPI of tierod and counterweight holes for cracks, removal of bushings, cleaning and ECI and FPI of bushed holes for cracks and, if necessary, replacement with serviceable parts. That action also proposed to eliminate the monthly reporting of the number of completed inspections.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet athttp://www.regulations.gov;or in person at the Docket Operations office between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone (800) 647-5527) is provided in theADDRESSESsection. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

Comments

We provided the public the opportunity to participate in the development of this AD. We have considered the one comment received. The commenter supports the proposal.

Conclusion

We have carefully reviewed the available data, including the comment received, and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting the AD as proposed.

Costs of Compliance

We estimate that this AD revision will affect 1,170 JT8D-209, -217, -217C, and -219 turbofan engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We estimate that it will take four work-hours per engine to complete one inspection of the fan hub at piece-part exposure. The average labor rate is $80 per work-hour. Based on these figures, we estimate the total cost of the AD to U.S. operators to be $374,400.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701, “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

We have determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:

(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

(2) Is not a “significant rule” under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

(3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a summary of the costs to comply with this AD and placed it in the AD Docket. You may get a copy of this summary at the address listed underADDRESSES.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety.

Adoption of the Amendment Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: Authority:

49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

§ 39.13 [Amended]
2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by removing Amendment 39-10106 (62 FR 45152, August 26, 1997), and by adding a new airworthiness directive, Amendment 39-16237, to read as follows: 97-17-04R1Pratt & Whitney:Amendment 39-16237. Docket No. FAA-2009-0883; Directorate Identifier 97-ANE-08. Effective Date

(a) This airworthiness directive (AD) becomes effective April 22, 2010.

Affected ADs

(b) This AD revises AD 97-17-04, Amendment 39-10106.

Applicability

(c) This AD applies to Pratt & Whitney (PW) JT8D-209, -217, -217C, and -219 turbofan engines with front compressor front hub (fan hub), part number (P/N) 5000501-01, installed. These engines are installed on, but not limited to, McDonnell Douglas MD-80 series airplanes.

Unsafe Condition

(d) This AD results from the FAA determining that it has collected a sufficient amount of data since issuing AD 97-17-04 and that therefore, it no longer needs the monthly reporting of the number of completed inspections. We are issuing this AD to prevent fan hub failure due to tierod, counterweight, or bushed hole cracking, which could result in an uncontained engine failure and damage to the airplane.

Compliance

(e) You are responsible for having the actions required by this AD performed within the compliance times specified unless the actions have already been done.

(f) Inspect fan hubs for cracks in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions, Paragraph A, Part 1, and, if applicable, Paragraph B, of PW Alert Service Bulletin (ASB) No. A6272, dated September 24, 1996, as follows:

(1) For fan hubs identified by serial numbers (S/Ns) in Table 2 of this AD, after the fan hub has accumulated more than 4,000 cycles-since-new (CSN), as follows:

(i) Initially inspect within 315 cycles-in-service (CIS) from the effective date of this AD, or 4,315 CSN, whichever occurs later.

(ii) Thereafter, re-inspect after accumulating 2,500 CIS since last inspection, but not to exceed 10,000 CIS since last inspection.

(2) For fan hubs identified by S/Ns in Appendix A of PW ASB No. A6272, dated September 24, 1996, after the fan hub has accumulated more than 4,000 CSN, as follows:

(i) Select an initial inspection interval from Table 1 of this AD, and inspect accordingly.

Table 1—Inspections Initial inspection Re-inspection (A) Within 1,050 CIS after the effective date of AD 97-02-11, March 5, 1997, or prior to accumulating 5,050 CSN, whichever occurs later; After accumulating 2,500 CIS since-last-inspection, but not to exceed 6,000 CIS since-last-inspection. OR OR (B) Within 990 CIS after the effective date of AD 97-02-11, March 5, 1997, or prior to accumulating 4,990 CSN, whichever occurs later; After accumulating 2,500 CIS since-last-inspection, but not to exceed 8,000 CIS since-last-inspection. OR OR (C) Within 965 CIS after the effective date of AD 97-02-11, March 5, 1997, or prior to accumulating 4,965 CSN, whichever occurs later. After accumulating 2,500 CIS since-last-inspection, but not to exceed 10,000 CIS since-last-inspection. Table 2—Hubs With Traveler Notations M67663 M67802 P66880 S25545 P66747 R33099 S25292 M67671 M67812 P66885 S25558 P66756 R33107 S25299 M67675 M67826 R32732 S25564 P66800 R33113 S25301 M67681 M67829 R32733 S25598 P66814 R33124 S25302 M67685 M67830 R32735 S25618 P66819 R33131 S25308 M67686 M67831 R32740 S25621 P66831 R33132 S25312 M67687 M67832 R32741 S25637 R32767 R33133 S25316 M67697 M67834 R32810 S25640 R32787 R33136 S25323 M67700 M67843 R32849 T50693 R32792 R33152 S25334 M67706 M67849 R32850 T50752 R32795 R33157 S25335 M67710 M67858 S25222 T50785 R32796 R33163 S25337 M67712 M67866 S25464 T50791 R32800 R33165 S25344 M67713 M67868 S25481 T50792 R32807 R33168 S25369 M67714 M67869 S25483 T50819 R32856 R33171 S25377 M67715 M67872 S25484 T50823 R32860 R33173 S25378 M67716 M67888 S25486 T50827 R32870 R33180 S25381 M67717 N71771 S25488 T50874 R32883 R33181 S25394 M67722 N71804 S25489 T50875 R32905 R33189 S25399 M67723 N71806 S25490 T51058 R32926 R33194 S25402 M67725 N71810 S25491 T51104 R32930 R33198 S25406 M67726 N71811 S25492 R32952 R33201 S25411 M67730 N71875 S25494 R32964 R33202 S25413 M67731 N71876 S25495 R32966 R33207 S25414 M67746 N71921 S25497 R32971 S25193 S25415
M67751 N71965 S25498 R32976 S25195 S25418 M67753 N72062 S25499 R32981 S25207 S25419 M67764 N72126 S25500 R32990 S25208 S25421 M67765 N72152 S25501 R32994 S25221 S25422 M67784 N72162 S25502 R33000 S25229 S25430 M67791 N72207 S25505 R33004 S25238 S25437 M67792 N72216 S25506 R33040 S25246 S25439 M67793 N72219 S25507 R33055 S25248 S25449 M67794 N72242 S25508 R33059 S25250 R33186 M67795 P66693 S25509 R33077 S25256 S25528 M67796 P66695 S25514 R33080 S25262 M67797 P66696 S25529 R33082 S25268 M67798 P66698 S25532 R33086 S25278 M67799 P66699 S25541 R33087 S25287 M67800 P66737 S25543 R33089 S25288 M67801 P66753 S25544 R33090

(ii) Thereafter, re-inspect at intervals that correspond to the selected inspection interval.

(3) If a fan hub is identified in both Table 2 of this AD and Appendix A of PW ASB No. A6272, dated September 24, 1996, inspect in accordance with paragraph (f)(1) or (f)(2) of this AD, whichever occurs first.

(4) For fan hubs with S/Ns not listed in Table 2 of this AD or in Appendix A of PW ASB No. A6272, dated September 24, 1996, after the fan hub has accumulated more than 4,000 CSN, inspect the next time the fan hub is in the shop at piece-part level, but not to exceed 10,000 CIS after March 5, 1997.

(5) Prior to further flight, remove from service fan hubs found cracked or that exceed the bushed hole acceptance criteria described in PW ASB No. A6272, dated September 24, 1996.

Reporting Requirements

(g) Report findings of cracked fan hubs using Accomplishment Instructions, Paragraph F, of Attachment 1 to PW ASB No. A6272, dated September 24, 1996, within 48 hours to Kevin Dickert, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; telephone (781) 238-7117; fax (781) 238-7199; e-mail:kevin.dickert@faa.gov.

(h) The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has approved the reporting requirements and assigned OMB control number 2120-0056.

Alternative Methods of Compliance

(i) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, has the authority to approve alternative methods of compliance for this AD if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. Alternate methods of compliance approved in accordance with AD 97-17-04 are approved as alternate methods of compliance with this AD.

Material Incorporated by Reference

(j) You must use the Pratt & Whitney service information specified in Table 3 of this AD to perform the inspections required by this AD. The Director of the Federal Register previously approved the incorporation by reference of the documents listed in the following Table 3 as of March 5, 1997 (62 FR 4902) in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Contact Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East Hartford, CT 06108; telephone (860) 565-8770; fax (860) 565-4503, for a copy of this service information. You may review copies at the FAA, New England Region, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA; or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to:http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.

Table 3—Incorporation by Reference Service information Page Revision Date Alert Service Bulletin No. A6272 All Original September 24, 1996. Total Pages: 21 Non-Destruct Inspection Procedure No. NDIP-892 All A September 15, 1996. Total Pages: 30 Attachment I All A September 15, 1996. Total Pages: 4 Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on March 9, 2010. Peter A. White, Assistant Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.