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Electronic copies of Amendment 34, which includes an environmental assessment and a regulatory impact review, may be obtained from the Southeast Regional Office Web site at
The Magnuson-Stevens Act requires each Regional Fishery Management Council to submit any fishery management plan or amendment to NMFS for review and approval, disapproval, or partial approval. The Magnuson-Stevens Act also requires that NMFS, upon receiving a plan or amendment, publish an announcement in the
This amendment addresses several administrative issues relative to earned income requirements for commercial Gulf reef fish permit renewal and to the maximum crew size for dual-permitted vessels while fishing commercially. Due to recent changes in the Gulf reef fish commercial sector the income requirement and crew size limit regulations may no longer effectively serve their original purposes. The Council considered several alternatives for modifying the income requirement for permit renewal and the maximum crew size of dual-permitted vessels. These alternatives are summarized below.
Under the current regulations, an applicant renewing a commercial vessel permit for Gulf reef fish must attest that greater than 50 percent of his/her earned income is derived from commercial fishing (i.e. harvest and first sale of fish) or charter fishing during either of the 2 calendar years preceding the application. Applicants must complete the Income Qualification Affidavit section on the Federal Permit Application for Vessels Fishing in the EEZ (Federal Permit Application) as proof of meeting permit income qualification requirements for commercial Gulf reef fish vessel permits.
In addition, the requirement does not address regulatory changes such as the implementation of individual fishing quota (IFQ) programs for the red snapper and grouper/tilefish species which account for the majority of Gulf reef fish landings. Regardless of the proportion of a fisherman's income derived from commercial or charter fishing, participation in these IFQ fisheries is restricted to those who possess quota shares or who sell annual allocation. Eliminating the income requirement would afford more flexibility to fishermen to allow them to earn income in other occupations. This added flexibility would allow some fishermen to renew their permits even if they did not have the opportunity to earn enough income from fishing.
In addition, this income requirement is relatively easy to meet or circumvent. However, the process of collecting tax return documentation is a large administrative burden that has been tried and failed in the past. Finally, the elimination of income requirements would also decrease the administrative burden to NMFS and the applicant by simplifying the permit renewal process.
The Council considered expanding the income sources used to determine the applicant's income earned from fishing to include income earned from the sale of IFQ shares and allocation. However, this alternative is not expected to affect the relative ease with which income qualification requirements can be circumvented. Another alternative would have replaced the income requirement with a landings requirement where an applicant would be required to prove that a predetermined amount of Gulf reef fish had been landed in the preceding year. The Council considered minimum annual landings thresholds ranging from 500 lb (227 kg) to 2,000 lb (907 kg) of Gulf reef fish. This alternative could increase the administrative burden and be difficult to monitor and enforce. A landings requirement may raise the potential of increased fishing effort to achieve the required threshold. Finally, the Council considered implementation of a protocol to temporarily suspend income requirements in response to events and conditions (such as oil spills or hurricanes) that affect fishing effort regionally or Gulf-wide. However, the election to eliminate the income requirements renders this option redundant.
Currently, 154 vessels possess a charter vessel/headboat permit and a commercial permit for Gulf reef fish, referred to as dual-permitted vessels. Unless the vessel has a certificate of inspection, dual-permitted vessels are limited to a three person maximum crew size as established under the final rule implementing Amendment 1 to the FMP (GMFMC 55 FR 2078, January 22, 1990). Historically, limiting the crew size on a dual-permitted vessel when fishing commercially may have served to prevent a vessel from taking out a number of passengers under the pretense of making a charter trip, but subsequently selling the catch. Under current commercial fishing practices, limiting the crew size of a vessel to prevent selling catch caught on a charter trip is no longer a primary concern. In addition to the implementation of the individual fishing quota programs, all commercial Gulf reef fish vessels are required to be equipped with vessel monitoring systems. The strict reporting requirements of these management measures make it clear when a vessel is operating as a commercial vessel.
Dual-permitted commercial spear fishermen requested an increase in crew size to allow two divers in the water, diving as a buddy pair, while two crew members remain aboard the vessel. This conforms to safe operating procedures for commercial diving and directly promotes the safety of human life at sea. The Council considered eliminating the crew size completely or increasing the maximum size from three to four persons. It is possible that eliminating the crew size requirement completely could lead to an increase in effort or other unintended consequences. Therefore, the Council selected the more prudent alternative, a controlled increase in crew size from three to four persons. Limiting the crew size increase to one additional crew member rather than eliminating the maximum crew size requirement completely minimizes any potential increase in efficiency and other unintended effects.
A proposed rule that would implement Amendment 34 has been drafted. In accordance with the Magnuson-Stevens Act, NMFS is evaluating Amendment 34 to determine whether it is consistent with the FMP, the Magnuson-Stevens Act, and other applicable law. If the determination is affirmative, NMFS will publish the proposed rule in the
The Council submitted Amendment 34 for Secretarial review, approval, and implementation. NMFS' decision to approve, partially approve, or disapprove Amendment 34 will be based, in part, on consideration of comments, recommendations, and information received during the comment period on this notice of availability.
Public comments received by 5 p.m. eastern time, on September 10, 2012, will be considered by NMFS in the approval/disapproval decision regarding Amendment 34.
16 U.S.C. 1801