thefederalregister.com

Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 20

[Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005; FF09M21200-123-FXMB1231099BPP0L2]

RIN 1018-AX97

Migratory Bird Hunting; Early Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds in the Contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
ACTION: Final rule.
SUMMARY: This rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits of mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves; band-tailed pigeons; rails; moorhens and gallinules; woodcock; common snipe; sandhill cranes; sea ducks; early (September) waterfowl seasons; migratory game birds in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; youth waterfowl day; and some extended falconry seasons. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This rule permits taking of designated species during the 2012-13 season.
DATES: This rule is effective on September 1, 2012.
ADDRESSES: You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird hunting regulations during normal business hours at the Service's office in Room 4107, Arlington Square Building, 4501 N. Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the street address above, or from the Division of Migratory Bird Management's Web site athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/,or athttp://www.regulations.govat Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ron W. Kokel, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (703) 358-1714.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Regulations Schedule for 2011

On April 17, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 23094) a proposal to amend 50 CFR part 20. The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. Major steps in the 2012-13 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings andFederal Registernotifications were also identified in the April 17 proposed rule.

On May 17, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 29516) a second document providing supplemental proposals for early- and late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. The May 17 supplement also provided detailed information on the 2012-13 regulatory schedule and announced the Service Regulations Committee (SRC) and Flyway Council meetings.

On June 12, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 34931) a third document revising our previously announced dates of the June 2012 SRC meetings.

On June 19 and 20, 2012, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants where the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory shore and upland game birds and developed recommendations for the 2012-13 regulations for these species plus regulations for migratory game birds in Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; special September waterfowl seasons in designated States; special sea duck seasons in the Atlantic Flyway; and extended falconry seasons. In addition, we reviewed and discussed preliminary information on the status of waterfowl as it relates to the development and selection of the regulatory packages for the 2012-13 regular waterfowl seasons.

On July 20, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 42920) a fourth document specifically dealing with the proposed frameworks for early-season regulations. In late August 2012, we published in theFederal Registera final rule which contained final frameworks for early migratory bird hunting seasons from which wildlife conservation agency officials from the States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands selected early-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits.

On July 25-26, 2012, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants at which the participants reviewed the status of waterfowl and developed recommendations for the 2012-13 regulations for these species. Proposed hunting regulations were discussed for late seasons. We published proposed frameworks for the 2012-13 late-season migratory bird hunting regulations in an August 17, 2012Federal Register(77 FR 49868).

The final rule described here is the seventh in the series of proposed, supplemental, and final rulemaking documents for migratory game bird hunting regulations and deals specifically with amending subpart K of 50 CFR part 20. It sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves; band-tailed pigeons; rails; moorhens and gallinules; woodcock; common snipe; sandhill cranes; sea ducks; early (September) waterfowl seasons; migratory game birds in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; youth waterfowl hunting day; and some extended falconry seasons.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Consideration

NEPA considerations are covered by the programmatic document “Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (FSES 88-14),” filed with the Environmental Protection Agency on June 9, 1988. We published a notice of availability in theFederal Registeron June 16, 1988 (53 FR 22582). We published our Record of Decision on August 18, 1988 (53 FR 31341). In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled “Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands” is available from the address indicated under the captionFOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

In a notice published in the September 8, 2005,Federal Register(70 FR 53376), we announced our intent to develop a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) for the migratory bird hunting program. Public scoping meetings were held in the spring of 2006, as detailed in a March 9, 2006,Federal Register(71 FR 12216). We released the draft SEIS on July 9, 2010 (75 FR 39577). The draft SEIS is available either by writing to the address indicated underFOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACTor by viewing our Web site athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543; 87 Stat. 884), provides that, “The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act” (and) shall “insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out * * * is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat * * *.”Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated underADDRESSES.

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) will review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that this rule is significant because it will have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy.

Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

An economic analysis was prepared for the 2008-09 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives are (1) Issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2007-08 season, (2) Issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) Issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2007-08 season. For the 2008-09 season, we chose alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $205-$270 million. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10 and the 2010-11 seasons. At this time, we are proposing no changes to the season frameworks for the 2011-12 season, and as such, we will again consider these three alternatives. However, final frameworks for waterfowl will be dependent on population status information available later this year. For these reasons, we have not conducted a new economic analysis, but the 2008-09 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegsor athttp://www.regulations.govat Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, and 2008. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2008 Analysis was based on the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 2008.

Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (seeADDRESSES) or from our Web site athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegsor athttp://www.regulations.govat Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule establishes hunting seasons, under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1), we are not deferring the effective date.

Paperwork Reduction Act

We examined these regulations under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501et seq.). The various recordkeeping and reporting requirements imposed under regulations established in 50 CFR part 20, subpart K, are utilized in the formulation of migratory game bird hunting regulations. Specifically, OMB has approved the information collection requirements of our Migratory Bird Surveys and assigned control number 1018-0023 (expires 4/30/2014). This information is used to provide a sampling frame for voluntary national surveys to improve our harvest estimates for all migratory game birds in order to better manage these populations. OMB has also approved the information collection requirements of the Alaska Subsistence Household Survey, an associated voluntary annual household survey used to determine levels of subsistence take in Alaska, and assigned control number 1018-0124 (expires 4/30/2013).

A Federal agency may not conduct or sponsor and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502et seq.,that this rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988

The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule willnot result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, this rule allows hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, reduce restrictions on the use of private and public property.

Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211

Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally-recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the April 17Federal Register, we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2012-13 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 16, 2012, proposed rule (77 FR 49680). By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with Tribes affected by this rule.

Federalism Effects

Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.

Regulations Promulgation

The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. In doing this, we recognized that, when the comment period closed, time would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States would have insufficient time to select season dates and limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their decisions. We find that “good cause” exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and therefore, under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (July 3, 1918), as amended (16 U.S.C. 703-711), these regulations will take effect less than 30 days after publication. Accordingly, with each conservation agency having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its State or Territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below.

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation, Wildlife.

Dated: August 16, 2012. Rachel Jacobson, Principal Assistant Deputy Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

PART 20—[AMENDED] 1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows: Authority:

Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 703-712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742 a-j, Public Law 106-108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703.

Note:

The following annual hunting regulations provided for by §§ 20.101 through 20.106 and 20.109 of 50 CFR 20 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature.

2. Section 20.101 is revised to read as follows:
§ 20.101 Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset.

CHECK COMMONWEALTH REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

(a)Puerto Rico.

Season dates Limits Bag Possession Doves and Pigeons: Zenaida, white-winged,and mourning doves (1) Sept. 1-Oct. 29 20 20 Scaly-naped pigeons Sept. 1-Oct. 29 5 5 Ducks Nov. 10-Dec. 17 &
  • Jan. 12-Jan. 28
  • 6
  • 6
  • 12
  • 12
  • Common Moorhens Nov. 10-Dec. 17 &
  • Jan. 12-Jan. 28
  • 6
  • 6
  • 12
  • 12
  • Common Snipe Nov. 10-Dec. 17 &
  • Jan. 12-Jan. 28
  • 8
  • 8
  • 16
  • 16
  • (1) Not more than 10 Zenaida and 3 mourning doves in the aggregate.

    Restrictions: In Puerto Rico, the season is closed on the ruddy duck, white-cheeked pintail, West Indian whistling duck, fulvous whistling duck, masked duck, purple gallinule, American coot, Caribbean coot, white-crowned pigeon, and plain pigeon.

    Closed Areas: Closed areas are described in the July 20, 2012,Federal Register(77 FR 42920).

    (b)Virgin Islands.

    Season dates Limits Bag Possession Zenaida doves Sept. 1-Sept. 30 10 10 Ducks CLOSED

    Restrictions: In the Virgin Islands, the seasons are closed for ground or quail doves, pigeons, ruddy duck, white-cheeked pintail, West Indian whistling duck, fulvous whistling duck, masked duck, and purple gallinule.

    Closed Areas: Ruth Cay, just south of St. Croix, is closed to the hunting of migratory game birds. All Offshore Cays under jurisdiction of the Virgin Islands Government are closed to the hunting of migratory game birds.

    3. Section 20.102 is revised to read as follows:
    § 20.102 Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for Alaska.

    Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

    Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset. Area descriptions were published in the July 20, 2012,Federal Register(77 FR 42920).

    CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

    Area seasons Dates North Zone Sept. 1-Dec. 16. Gulf Coast Zone Sept. 1-Dec. 16. Southeast Zone Sept. 16-Dec. 31. Pribilof & Aleutian Islands Zone Oct. 8-Jan. 22. Kodiak Zone Oct. 8-Jan. 22. Daily Bag and Possession Limits Area Ducks (1) Dark geese
  • (2)(3)(4)
  • Light
  • geese (2)
  • Brant (2) Common snipe Sandhill cranes (5)
    North Zone 10-30 4-8 4-8 2-4 8-16 3-6 Gulf Coast Zone 8-24 4-8 4-8 2-4 8-16 2-4 Southeast Zone 7-21 4-8 4-8 2-4 8-16 2-4 Pribilof and Aleutian Islands Zone 7-21 4-8 4-8 2-4 8-16 2-4 Kodiak Zone 7-21 4-8 4-8 2-4 8-16 2-4 (1) The basic duck bag limits may include no more than 1 canvasback daily, 3 in possession, and may not include sea ducks. In addition to the basic duck limits, sea duck limits of 10 daily, 20 in possession, singly or in the aggregate, including no more than 6 each of either harlequin or long-tailed ducks, are allowed. Special sea duck limits will be available to nonresidents, but at lower daily limits than residents, and they may take no more than a possession limit of 20 per season, including no more than 4 each of harlequin and long-tailed ducks, black, surf, and white-winged scoters, and king and common eiders. In Unit 15C, Kachemak Bay east of a line from Point Pogibshi to Anchor Point, the special sea duck daily bag limit for residents and nonresidents is 2 per day, 4 in possession, for harlequin and long-tailed ducks, and 1 per day, 2 in possession, for eiders (king and common collectively). Sea ducks include scoters, common and king eiders, harlequin ducks, long-tailed ducks, and common and red-breasted mergansers. The season for Steller=s and spectacled eiders is closed. (2) Dark geese include Canada and white-fronted geese. Light geese include snow geese and Ross' geese. Separate limits apply to brant. The season for emperor geese is closed Statewide. (3) In Units 5 and 6, the taking of Canada geese is only permitted from September 28 through December 16. In the Middleton Island portion of Unit 6, the taking of Canada geese is by special permit only, with a maximum of 10 permits for the season and a daily bag and possession limit of 1. The season shall close if incidental harvest includes 5 dusky Canada geese. In Unit 6-C and on Hinchinbrook and Hawkins Islands in Unit 6-D, a special, permit-only Canada goose season may be offered. Hunters must have all harvested geese checked and classified to subspecies. The daily bag limit is 4 daily and 8 in possession. The Canada goose season will close in all of the permit areas if the total dusky goose harvest reaches 40. (4) In Units 9, 10, 17, and 18, dark goose limits are 6 per day, 12 in possession. (5) In Unit 17, the daily bag limit for sandhill cranes is 2 and the possession limit is 4.

    Falconry:The total combined bag and possession limit for migratory game birds taken with the use of a falcon under a falconry permit is 3 per day, 6 in possession, and may not exceed a more restrictive limit for any species listed in this subsection.

    Special Tundra Swan Season:In Units 17, 18, 22, and 23, there will be a tundra swan season from September 1 through October 31 with a season limit of 3 tundra swans per hunter. This season is by registration permit only; hunters will be issued 1 permit allowing the take of up to 3 tundra swans. Hunters will be required to file a harvest report after the season is completed. Upto 500 permits may be issued in Unit 18; 300 permits each in Units 22 and 23; and 200 permits in Unit 17.

    4. Section 20.103, including the heading, is revised to read as follows:
    § 20.103 Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for doves and pigeons.

    Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

    Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the July 20, 2012,Federal Register(77 FR 42920).

    CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

    (a)Doves.

    Note:

    Unless noted, the seasons listed below are for mourning and white-winged doves in the aggregate.

    Season dates Limits Bag Possession EASTERN MANAGEMENT UNIT Alabama: North Zone: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 8 only 15 15 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 9-Oct. 7 & 15 15 Oct. 20-Nov. 3 & 15 15 Dec. 8-Jan. 1 15 15 South Zone: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 22 only 15 15 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 23-Oct 21 & 15 15 Nov. 22-Nov. 25 & 15 15 Dec. 1-Jan. 5 15 15 Delaware Sept. 1-Sept. 29 & 15 30 Oct. 13-Oct. 27 & 15 30 Dec. 18-Jan. 12 15 30 Florida: 12 noon to sunset Oct. 6-Oct. 29 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Nov. 10-Nov. 25 & 15 30 Dec. 8-Jan. 6 15 30 Georgia: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1 only 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 2-Sept. 16 15 30 Oct. 13-Oct. 21 & 15 30 Nov. 22-Jan. 5 15 30 Illinois(1) Sept. 1-Oct. 28 & 15 30 Nov. 3-Nov. 14 15 30 Indiana Sept. 1-Oct. 23 & 15 30 Nov. 9-Nov. 25 15 30 Kentucky: 11 a.m. to sunset Sept. 1 only 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 2-Oct. 24 & 15 30 Nov. 22-Nov. 30 & 15 30 Dec. 29-Jan. 4 15 30 Louisiana: North Zone: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1 only 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 2-Sept. 16 & 15 30 Oct. 6-Nov. 4 & 15 30 Dec. 15-Jan. 7 15 30 South Zone: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1 only 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 2-Sept. 9 & 15 30 Oct. 13-Nov. 25 & 15 30 Dec. 22-Jan. 7 15 30 Maryland: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1-Oct. 6 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Nov. 3-Nov. 23 & 15 30 Dec. 22-Jan. 3 15 30 Mississippi: North Zone Sept. 1-Sept. 23 & 15 30 Oct. 13-Nov. 11 & 15 30 Dec. 15-Dec. 31 15 30 South Zone Sept. 1-Sept. 9 & 15 30 Oct. 6-Nov. 11 & 15 30 Dec. 21-Jan. 13 15 30 North Carolina Sept. 1-Oct. 6 & 15 30 Nov. 19-Nov. 24 & 15 30 Dec. 15-Jan. 11 15 30 Ohio Sept. 1-Oct. 21 & 15 30 Dec. 15-Jan. 2 15 30 Pennsylvania: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1-Sept. 29 & 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Oct. 27-Nov. 24 & 15 30 Dec. 26-Jan. 5 15 30 Rhode Island: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 15-Oct. 15 12 24 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Oct. 20-Nov. 10 & 12 24 Dec. 19-Jan. 4 12 24 South Carolina: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1-Sept. 3 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 4-Oct. 6 & 15 30 Nov. 17-Nov. 24 & 15 30 Dec. 21-Jan. 15 15 30 Tennessee: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1 only 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 2-Sept. 26 & 15 30 Oct. 13-Oct. 28 & 15 30 Dec. 19-Jan. 15 15 30 Virginia: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1-Sept. 7 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 8-Oct. 13 & 15 30 Oct. 17-Oct. 27 & 15 30 Dec. 28-Jan. 12 15 30 West Virginia: 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1 only 15 30 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset Sept. 2-Oct. 6 & 15 30 Oct. 22-Nov. 10 & 15 30 Dec. 24-Jan. 5 15 30 Wisconsin Sept. 1-Nov. 9 15 30 CENTRAL MANAGEMENT UNIT Arkansas Sept. 1-Oct. 25 & 15 30 Dec. 26-Jan. 9 15 30 Colorado Sept. 1-Nov. 9 15 30 Iowa Sept. 1-Nov. 9 15 30 Kansas Sept. 1-Oct. 31 & 15 30 Nov. 3-Nov. 11 15 30 Minnesota Sept. 1-Nov. 9 15 30 Missouri Sept. 1-Nov 9 15 30 Montana Sept. 1-Oct. 30 15 30 Nebraska Sept. 1-Oct. 30 15 30 New Mexico: North Zone Sept. 1-Nov. 9 15 30 South Zone Sept. 1-Oct. 9 & 15 30 Dec. 1-Dec. 31 15 30 North Dakota Sept. 1-Oct. 30 15 30 Oklahoma Sept. 1-Oct. 31 & 15 30 Dec. 22-Dec. 30 15 30 South Dakota Sept. 1-Nov. 9 15 30 Texas(2): North Zone Sept. 1-Oct. 24 & 15 30 Dec. 22-Jan. 6 15 30 Central Zone Sept. 1-Oct. 24 & 15 30 Dec. 22-Jan. 6 15 30 South Zone: Special Area Sept. 21-Oct. 28 & 15 30 Dec. 22-Jan. 18 15 30 (Special Season) 12 noon to sunset Sept. 1-Sept. 2 & 15 30 Sept. 8-Sept. 9 15 30 Remainder of the South Zone Sept. 21-Oct. 28 & 15 30 Dec. 22-Jan. 22 15 30 Wyoming Sept. 1-Nov. 9 15 30 WESTERN MANAGEMENT UNIT Arizona(3) Sept. 1-Sept. 15 & 10 20 Nov. 23-Jan. 6 10 20 California Sept. 1-Sept. 15 & 10 20 Nov. 10-Dec. 24 10 20 Idaho Sept. 1-Sept. 30 10 20 Nevada Sept. 1-Sept. 30 10 20 Oregon Sept. 1-Sept. 30 10 20 Utah Sept. 1-Sept. 30 10 20 Washington Sept. 1-Sept. 30 10 20 OTHER POPULATIONS Hawaii(4) Nov. 3-Nov. 25 & 10 10 Dec. 1-Dec. 23 & 10 10 Jan. 5-Jan. 21 10 10 (1) InIllinois,shooting hours are sunrise to sunset. (2) InTexas,the daily bag limit is either 15 mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 2 may be white-tipped doves with a maximum 70-day season. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit. During the special season in the Special White-winged Dove Area of the South Zone, the daily bag limit is 15 mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 4 may be mourning doves and 2 may be white-tipped doves. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit. (3) InArizona,during September 1 through 15, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning and white-winged doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 6 may be white-wing doves. During November 23 through January 6, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning doves. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. (4) InHawaii,the season is only open on the island of Hawaii. The daily bag and possession limits are 10 mourning doves, spotted doves and chestnut-bellied sandgrouse in the aggregate. Shooting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise through one-half hour after sunset. Hunting is permitted only on weekends and State holidays.

    (b)Band-tailed Pigeons.

    Season dates Limits Bag Possession Arizona Sept. 7-Sept. 30 5 10 California: North Zone Sept. 15-Sept. 23 2 4 South Zone Dec. 15-Dec. 23 2 4 Colorado Sept. 1-Sept. 30 5 10 New Mexico(1): North Zone Sept. 1-Sept. 20 5 10 South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 20 5 10 Oregon Sept. 15-Sept. 23 2 4 Utah(2) Sept. 1-Sept. 30 5 10 Washington Sept. 15-Sept. 23 2 4 (1) InNew Mexico,each band-tailed pigeon hunter must have a band-tailed pigeon hunting permit issued by the State. (2) InUtah,each band-tailed pigeon hunter must have either a band-tailed pigeon hunting permit or a special bird permit stamp issued by the State. 5. Section 20.104 is revised to read as follows:
    § 20.104 Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for rails, woodcock, and common snipe.

    Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

    Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the July 20, 2012,Federal Register(77 FR 42920).

    CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

    Note:

    States with deferred seasons will select those seasons at the same time they select waterfowl seasons in August. Consult late-season regulations for further information.

    <