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Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 20

[Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005; FF09M21200-123-FXMB1231099BPP0L2]

RIN 1018-AX97

Migratory Bird Hunting; Late Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
ACTION: Final rule.
SUMMARY: This rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits for general waterfowl seasons and those early seasons for which States previously deferred selection. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This rule permits the taking of designated species during the 2012-13 season.
DATES: This rule is effective on September 22, 2012.
ADDRESSES: You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird hunting regulations during normal business hours at the Service's office in room 4107, Arlington Square Building, 4501 N. Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the street address above, or from the Division of Migratory Bird Management's Web site athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/,or athttp://www.regulations.govat Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ron W. Kokel, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (703) 358-1714.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Regulations Schedule for 2012

On April 17, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 23094) a proposal to amend 50 CFR part 20. The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. Major steps in the 2012-13 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings andFederal Registernotifications were also identified in the April 17 proposed rule. Further, we explained that all sections of subsequent documents outlining hunting frameworks and guidelines were organized under numbered headings.

On May 17, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 29516) a second document providing supplemental proposals for early- and late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. The May 17 supplement also provided detailed information on the 2012-13 regulatory schedule and announced the Service Regulations Committee (SRC) and Flyway Council meetings.

On June 12, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 34931) a third document revising our previously announced dates of the June 2012 SRC meetings.

On June 19 and 20, 2012, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants where the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory shore and upland game birds and developed recommendations for the 2012-13 regulations for these species plus regulations for migratory game birds in Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, special September waterfowl seasons in designated States, special sea duck seasons in the Atlantic Flyway, and extended falconry seasons. In addition, we reviewed and discussed preliminary information on the status of waterfowl as it relates to the development and selection of the regulatory packages for the 2012-13 regular waterfowl seasons.

On July 20, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 42920) a fourth document specifically dealing with the proposed frameworks for early-season regulations. On August 30, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 53118) a final rule that contained final frameworks for early migratory bird hunting seasons from which wildlife conservation agency officials from the States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands selected early-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits. Subsequently, on August 31, 2012, we published a final rule in theFederal Register(77 FR 53752) amending subpart K of title 50 CFR part 20 to set hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for early seasons.

On July 25-26, 2012, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants, at which the participants reviewed the status of waterfowl and developed recommendations for the 2012-13 regulations for these species. Proposed hunting regulations were discussed for late seasons. On August 17, 2012, we published in theFederal Register(77 FR 49868) the proposed frameworks for the 2012-13 late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. We published final late-season frameworks for migratory game bird hunting regulations, from which State wildlife conservation agency officials selected late-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits for 2012-13, in a September 20, 2012,Federal Register.

The final rule described here is the final in the series of proposed, supplemental, and final rulemaking documents for migratory game bird hunting regulations for 2012-13 and deals specifically with amending subpart K of 50 CFR part 20. It sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for species subject to late-season regulations and those for early seasons that States previously deferred.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Consideration

NEPA considerations are covered by the programmatic document “Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (FSES 88-14),” filed with the Environmental Protection Agency on June 9, 1988. We published a notice of availability in theFederal Registeron June 16, 1988 (53 FR 22582). We published our Record of Decision on August 18, 1988 (53 FR 31341). In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled “Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands” is available from the address indicated under the captionFOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

In a notice published in the September 8, 2005,Federal Register(70 FR 53376), we announced our intent to develop a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) for the migratory bird hunting program. Public scoping meetings were held in the spring of 2006, as detailed in a March 9, 2006,Federal Register(71 FR 12216). We released the draft SEIS on July 9, 2010 (75 FR 39577). The draft SEIS is available either by writing to the address indicated underFOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACTor by viewing our Web site athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543; 87 Stat. 884), provides that, “The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act” (and) shall “insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out * * * is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat * * * .”Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated underADDRESSES.

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that this rule is significant because it will have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy.

Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

An economic analysis was prepared for the 2008-09 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives are (1) issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2007-08 season, (2) Issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) Issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2007-08 season. For the 2008-09 season, we chose alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $205-$270 million. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10 and the 2010-11 seasons. For the 2012-13 season, we are again selecting alternative 3. For these reasons, we have not conducted a new economic analysis, but the 2008-09 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegsor athttp://www.regulations.govat Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, and 2008. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2008 Analysis was based on the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 2008. Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (seeADDRESSES) or from our Web site athttp://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegsor athttp://www.regulations.govat Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule establishes hunting seasons, we are not deferring the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1).

Paperwork Reduction Act

We examined these regulations under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501et seq.). The various recordkeeping and reporting requirements imposed under regulations established in 50 CFR part 20, subpart K, are utilized in the formulation of migratory game bird hunting regulations. Specifically, OMB has approved the information collection requirements of our Migratory Bird Surveys and assigned control number 1018-0023 (expires 4/30/2014). This information is used to provide a sampling frame for voluntary national surveys to improve our harvest estimates for all migratory game birds in order to better manage these populations. OMB has also approved the information collection requirements of the Alaska Subsistence Household Survey, an associated voluntary annual household survey used to determine levels of subsistence take in Alaska, and assigned control number 1018-0124 (expires 4/30/2013). A Federal agency may not conduct or sponsor and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502et seq.,that this rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988

The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule will not result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, this rule allows hunters to exercise otherwiseunavailable privileges and, therefore, reduces restrictions on the use of private and public property.

Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211

Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the April 17Federal Register, we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2012-13 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 16, 2012, proposed rule (77 FR 49680). By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with Tribes affected by this rule.

Federalism Effects

Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.

Regulations Promulgation

The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. In doing this, we recognized that when the comment period closed, time would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States would have insufficient time to select season dates and limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their decisions. We find that “good cause” exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and therefore, under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (July 3, 1918), as amended (16 U.S.C. 703-711), these regulations will take effect less than 30 days after publication. Accordingly, with each conservation agency having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its State or Territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below.

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation, Wildlife.

Dated: September 11, 2012. Michael J. Bean, Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

PART 20—[AMENDED] 1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows: Authority:

Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 703-712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742a-j; Pub. L. 106-108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703.

Note:

The following annual regulations provided for by §§ 20.104, 20.105, 20.106, 20.107, and 20.109 of 50 CFR part 20 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature. Check state regulations for additional restrictions and delineations of geographical areas. Special restrictions may apply on Federal and State public hunting areas and Federal Indian Reservations.

2. Section 20.104 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows:
§ 20.104 Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for rails, woodcock, and common snipe.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Area descriptions were published in the August 17, 2012 (77 FR 49868) and August 30, 2012 (77 FR 53118),Federal Registers.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012,Federal Register(77 FR 53752).

Sora & virginia rails Clapper & king rails Woodcock Common snipe Daily bag limit 25 (1) 15 (2) 3 8. Possession limit 25 (1) 30 (2) 6 16. ATLANTIC FLYWAY ******* Massachusetts(5) Sept. 1-Nov. 9 Closed Oct. 3-Oct. 27 & Oct. 29-Nov. 17 Sept. 1-Dec. 15. ******* MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY ******* Louisiana: West Zone Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2 Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2 Dec. 18-Jan. 31 Nov. 3-Dec. 10 & Dec. 22-Feb. 28. East Zone Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2 Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2 Dec. 18-Jan. 31 Nov. 3-Dec. 3 & Dec. 15-Feb. 28. Coastal Zone Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2 Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2 Dec. 18-Jan. 31 Nov. 3-Dec. 3 & Dec. 15-Feb. 28. ******* Tennessee: Reelfoot Zone Nov. 10-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27 Closed Oct. 27-Dec. 10 Nov. 10-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27. State Zone Nov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27 Closed Oct. 27-Dec. 10 Nov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27. Wisconsin: North Zone Sept. 22-Nov. 4 & Nov. 10-Nov. 25 Closed Sept. 22-Nov. 5 Sept. 22-Nov. 4 & Nov. 10-Nov. 25. South Zone Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2 Closed Sept. 22-Nov. 5 Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2 Miss. River Zone Sept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2 Closed Sept. 22-Nov. 5 Sept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2 PACIFIC FLYWAY Arizona(18): North Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 5-Jan. 13. South Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 19-Jan. 27. ******* Idaho: Zone 1 Closed Closed Closed Oct. 6-Jan. 18. Zone 2 Closed Closed Closed Oct. 13-Jan. 25. Zone 3 Closed Closed Closed Oct. 13-Jan. 25. ******* Nevada: Northeast Zone Closed Closed Closed Sept. 22-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 6. Northwest Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 27. South Zone (19) Closed Closed Closed Oct. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 27. ******* Oregon: Zone 1 Closed Closed Closed Nov. 3-Feb. 17. Zone 2 Closed Closed Closed Oct. 6-Nov. 25 & Nov. 28-Jan. 20. ******* Washington: East Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 13-Oct. 17 & Oct. 20-Jan. 27. West Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 13-Oct. 17 & Oct. 20-Jan. 27. ******* (1) The bag and possession limits for sora and Virginia rails apply singly or in the aggregate of these species. (2) All bag and possession limits for clapper and king rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species and, unless otherwise specified, the limits are in addition to the limits on sora and Virginia rails in all States. InConnecticut, Delaware, Maryland,andNew Jersey,the limits for clapper and king rails are 10 daily and 20 in possession. See also footnote (6) below. ******* (5) InMassachusetts,the sora rail limits are 5 daily and 5 in possession; the Virginia rail limits are 10 daily and 10 in possession. ******* (18) InArizona,Ashurst Lake in Unit 5B is closed to common snipe hunting. (19) InNevada,the snipe season for the Clarke County portion of the South Zone is only open November 3 to January 27.
3. In § 20.105, paragraphs (a), (b), and (f) are amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order and paragraph (e) is revised to read as follows:
§ 20.105 Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for waterfowl, coots, and gallinules.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the August 17, 2012 (77 FR 49868) and August 30, 2012 (77 FR 53118),Federal Registers.

(a)Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules.(Atlantic, Mississippi, and Central Flyways)

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012,Federal Register(77 FR 53752). The zones named in this paragraph are the same as those used for setting duck seasons.

Season dates Limits Bag Possession ATLANTIC FLYWAY ******* Georgia Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & 15 30 Dec. 8-Jan. 27 15 30 ******* Virginia Oct. 4-Oct. 8 & 15 30 Nov. 17-Dec. 1 & 15 30 Dec. 8-Jan. 26 15 30 West Virginia Oct. 1-Oct. 13 & 15 30 Dec. 17-Jan. 26 15 30 MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY ******* Louisiana Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & 15 30 Nov. 10-Jan. 2 15 30 Michigan: North Zone Sept. 22-Nov. 16 & 1 2 Nov. 22-Nov. 25 1 2 Middle Zone Sept. 29-Nov. 25 & 1 2 Dec. 15-Dec. 16 1 2 South Zone Oct. 6-Nov. 30 & 1 2 Dec. 29-Jan. 1 1 2 Minnesota (3): North Zone Sept. 22-Nov. 20 15 30 Central Zone Sept. 22-Sept 30 & 15 30 Oct. 6-Nov. 25 15 30 South Zone Sept. 22-Sept 30 & 15 30 Oct. 13-Dec. 2 15 30 ******* Tennessee: Reelfoot Zone Nov. 10-Nov. 11 & 15 30 Dec. 1-Jan. 27 15 30 State Zone Nov. 24-Nov. 25 & 15 30 Dec. 1-Jan. 27 15 30 Wisconsin: North Zone Sept. 22-Nov. 4 & 15 30 Nov. 10-Nov. 25 15 30 South Zone Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & 15 30 Oct. 13-Dec. 2 15 30 Mississippi River Zone Sept. 22-Sept. 30 & 15 30 Oct. 13-Dec. 2 15 30 ******* PACIFIC FLYWAY All States Seasons are in aggregate with coots and listed in paragraph (e). ******* (3) InMinnesota,the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 30 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.

(b)Sea Ducks(scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks in Atlantic Flyway).

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012,Federal Register(77 FR 53752).

Within the special sea duck areas, the daily bag limit is 7 scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks of which no more than 4 may be scoters. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit. These limits may be in addition to regular duck baglimits only during the regular duck season in the special sea duck hunting areas.

Season dates Limits Bag Possession ******* Georgia Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & 7 14 Dec. 8-Jan. 27 7 14 ******* Maryland Oct. 1-Jan. 31 5 10 Massachusetts(4) Oct. 8-Jan. 31 7 14 ******* North Carolina Oct. 1-Jan. 31 7 14 ******* South Carolina Oct. 13-Jan. 27 7 14 Virginia Oct. 4-Jan. 31 7 14 Note:Notwithstanding the provisions of this part 20, the shooting of crippled waterfowl from a motorboat under power will be permitted inMaine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Delaware, Virginia,andMarylandin those areas described, delineated, and designated in their respective hunting regulations as special sea duck hunting areas. ******* (4) InMassachusetts,the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 eiders (only 1 of which may be a hen) and 4 long-tailed ducks. *******

(e)Waterfowl, Coots, and Pacific-Flyway Seasons for Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules.

Definitions

The Atlantic Flyway:Includes Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.

The Mississippi Flyway:Includes Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

The Central Flyway:Includes Colorado (east of the Continental Divide), Kansas, Montana (Blaine, Carbon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Stillwater, Sweetgrass, Wheatland, and all counties east thereof), Nebraska, New Mexico (east of the Continental Divide except that the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation is in the Pacific Flyway), North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming (east of the Continental Divide).

The Pacific Flyway:Includes the States of Arizona, California, Colorado (west of the Continental Divide), Idaho, Montana (including and to the west of Hill, Chouteau, Cascade, Meagher, and Park Counties), Nevada, New Mexico (the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation and west of the Continental Divide), Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming (west of the Continental Divide including the Great Divide Basin).

Light Geese:Includes lesser snow (including blue) geese, greater snow geese, and Ross's geese.

Dark Geese:Includes Canada geese, white-fronted geese, emperor geese, brant (except in California, Oregon, Washington, and the Atlantic Flyway), and all other geese except light geese.

Atlantic Flyway Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits:The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (2 hen mallards), 4 scaup, 1 black duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 1 mottled duck, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, and 1 fulvous tree duck. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Harlequin Ducks:All areas of the Flyway are closed to harlequin duck hunting.

Merganser Limits:The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers with 10 in possession and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season dates Limits Bag Possession Connecticut: Ducks and Mergansers: 6 12 North Zone Oct. 13-Oct. 24 & Nov. 10-Jan. 7 South Zone Oct. 13-Oct. 18 & Nov. 17-Jan. 19 Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30 Canada Geese: AFRP Unit Oct. 13-Oct. 18 & 5 10 Nov. 15-Nov. 24 & 5 10 Dec. 1-Feb. 15 5 10 NAP H-Unit Oct. 10-Oct. 24 & 2 4 Nov. 22-Jan. 15 2 4 AP Unit Oct. 19-Oct. 24 & 3 6 Nov. 17-Jan. 8 3 6 Special Season Jan. 16-Feb. 9 5 10 Light Geese: North Zone Oct. 2-Jan. 16 & 25 Feb. 22-Mar. 9 25 South Zone Oct. 2-Dec. 1 & 25 Jan. 7-Mar. 9 25 Brant: North Zone Nov. 10-Jan. 7 2 4 South Zone Nov. 23-Jan. 19 2 4 Delaware: Ducks Oct. 26-Nov. 7 & 6 12 Nov. 19-Nov. 29 & 6 12 Dec. 13-Jan. 26 6 12 Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10 Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30 Canada Geese Nov. 19-Nov. 29 & 2 4 Dec. 13-Jan. 26 2 4 Light Geese (1) Oct. 1-Jan. 26 25 Brant Dec. 1-Jan. 26 2 4 Florida: Ducks Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & 6 12 Dec. 8-Jan. 27 6 12 Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10 Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30 Canada Geese Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & 5 10 Dec. 1-Jan. 30 5 10 Light Geese Same as for Ducks 15 Georgia: Ducks Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & 6 12 Dec. 8-Jan. 27 6 12 Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10 Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30 Canada Geese Same as for Ducks 5 10 Light Geese Same as for Ducks 5 10 Brant Closed Maine: Ducks (2): 6 12 North Zone Sept. 24-Dec. 1 South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 13 & Oct. 29-Dec. 22 Coastal Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 20 & Nov. 19-Jan. 5 Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10 Coots Same as for Ducks 5 10 Canada Geese: North Zone Oct. 1-Dec. 8 2 4 South Zone Same as for Ducks 2 4 Coastal Zone Same as for Ducks 2 4 Light Geese Oct. 1-Jan. 31 25 Brant: North Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 27 2 4 South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 13 & 2 4 Oct. 29-Dec. 11 2 4 Coastal Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 20 & 2 4 Nov. 19-Dec. 25 2 4 Maryland: Ducks and Mergansers (3) Oct. 13-Oct. 20 & 6 12 Nov. 10-Nov. 23 & 6 12 Dec. 11-Jan. 26 6 12 Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30 Canada Geese: RP Zone Nov. 17-Nov. 23 & 5 10 Dec. 11-Mar. 6 5 10 AP Zone Nov. 17-Nov. 23 & 2 4 Dec. 11-Jan. 30 2 4 Light Geese Oct. 6-Nov. 23 & 25 Dec. 11-Jan. 30 & 25 Feb. 9 only 25 Brant Nov. 14-Nov. 23 &