Table of Contents
II. This Action
III. Final Action
IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
On April 30, 2004, EPA designated the Atlanta Area as a marginal nonattainment area with respect to the 1997 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS).See69 FR 23858. The Atlanta Area includes the following 20 counties: Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding and Walton.1
For background purposes, portions of the Atlanta Area were designated as a severe nonattainment area for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. The Area was subsequently redesignated to attainment for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS with a maintenance plan. The original Atlanta 1-hour severe ozone nonattainment area consisted of 13 counties including Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale.See56 FR 56694 (November 6, 1991). As such, major sources in the 13-county 1-hour ozone nonattainment area were defined as those sources that emit 25 tons per year (tpy) or more of VOC or NOX. Therefore, the applicability of some of the rules being approved in today's action is for 25 tpy and above for sources in the 13 county area that was severe for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS and moderate for the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS; and 100 tpy and above in the remaining 7 counties that have only been classified as moderate for the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS.
1Effective July 20, 2012, EPA designated 15 counties in the Atlanta metropolitan area as a marginal nonattainment area for the 2008 8-hour ozone NAAQS. Today's final action regarding RACT is not related to requirements for the 2008 8-hour ozone NAAQS.
On March 6, 2008, EPA reclassified the Atlanta Area from a marginal ozone nonattainment area to a moderate ozone nonattainment area. As a result of this designation and subsequent reclassification to moderate, Georgia was required to amend its SIP for the Atlanta Area to satisfy the requirements for a moderate area under CAA section 182. Section 182(b)(2) of the CAA requires states to adopt RACT rules for all areas designated nonattainment for ozone and classified as moderate or above. The three parts of the section 182(b)(2) RACT requirements are: (1) RACT for sources covered by an existing CTG (i.e., a CTG issued prior to enactment of the 1990 amendments to the CAA); (2) RACT for sources covered by a post-enactment CTG; and (3) all major sources not covered by a CTG (i.e., non-CTG sources). Pursuant to 40 CFR 51.165, a major source for a moderate ozone area is a source that emits 100 tpy or more of VOC or NOX. For more information regarding the RACT requirements, including requirements and schedules for sources covered by CTGs, please see the proposed approval of this action.See77 FR 45307, July 31, 2012.
II. This Action
EPA is taking final action to approve several final SIP revisions submitted by the State of Georgia, through the GA EPD, to EPA on November 13, 1992, October 21, 2009,2
March 19, 2012,3
and September 7, 2012. The September 7, 2012, SIP revision was initially submitted to EPA for parallel processing on July 19, 2012, and the final version was submitted to EPA on September 7, 2012, consistent with applicable requirements.4
The purpose of these revisions is to ensure that certain VOC and NOXsources are controlled to levels that meet RACT requirements for major sources located in the Atlanta Area and meet RACT requirements for certain VOC source categories for which EPA has issued CTG. EPA has evaluated the revisions to Georgia's SIP, and has made the determination that they are consistent with statutory and regulatory requirements and EPA guidance.
2Three separate submittals were submitted to EPA from GA EPD on October 21, 2009. These are Submittals A, B and C referenced in the July 31, 2012, proposed approval.See77 FR 45307.
3Georgia submitted a SIP revision on September 15, 2008, that addressed four RACT rule changes that are described in EPA's July 31, 2012, proposed rulemaking. Specifically, these rules are Rules 391-1-.02(2)(y) Metal Furniture, (ff) Solvent Metal Cleaning, (ii) Miscellaneous Metal Coating and (kkk) Aerospace Coatings. EPA notes that Georgia submitted a subsequent SIP revision to make additional changes to these aforementioned rules. While EPA's July 31, 2012, proposed rulemaking does not specifically reference Georgia's September 15, 2008, SIP revisions, EPA's proposal does account for the comprehensive changes to Rules 391-1-.02(2)(y), (ii) and (kkk) from Georgia's September 15, 2008, SIP revision as supplemented with subsequent SIP revisions and EPA's proposal does account for appropriate applicability for Rule 391-1-.02(2)(ff). The version of the Rule 391-1-.02(2)(ff) already in the federally approved SIP, along with the applicability change found in EPA's proposal, meet the RACT requirements. Georgia's September 15, 2008, SIP revision also included revisions to seven additional rules which were not addressed in EPA's July 31, 2012, proposed rulemaking and are not being finalized in today's action. These seven additional rules are unrelated to RACT.
4On July 31, 2012, EPA proposed approval of GA EPD's July 19, 2012, SIP revision contingent upon Georgia providing EPA a final SIP revision that was not changed significantly from the July 19, 2012, SIP revision. Georgia provided its final SIP revision on September 7, 2012. There were no changes made to the final submittal.
The purpose of today's action is to approve the referenced SIP revisions as meeting the VOC and NOXRACT requirements of section 182(b)(2) of the CAA for the Atlanta Area. On July 31, 2012, EPA published a proposed rulemaking to approve, and in the alternative conditionally approve, the referenced SIP revisions.See77 FR 45307. EPA did not receive any public comments on its proposal. Since EPA received Georgia's final SIP revision on September 7, 2012, and the final submittal remained unchanged from the State's draft July 19, 2012, SIP revision, EPA is finalizing today's action as a full approval and does not need to conditionally approve any portion of Georgia's SIP revisions as meeting the VOC and NOXRACT requirements.
III. Final Action
EPA is taking final action to approve four SIP revisions submitted by the State of Georgia to address the CTG and RACT requirements for the Atlanta Area. Specifically, EPA is taking final action to approve final SIP revisions submitted to EPA from GA EPD on November 13, 1992, October 21, 2009 (three separate submittals on this day), March 19, 2012, and September 7, 2012. EPA is approving these SIP revisions because they are consistent with the CAA and requirements related to VOC and NOXRACT.
IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by State law. For that reason, this action:
• Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
• Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501et seq.);
• Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entitiesunder the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601et seq.);
• Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
• Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
• Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
• Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
• Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
• Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the State, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801et seq.,as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in theFederal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in theFederal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).