Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government
Patricia Chmielewski, (410) 786-6899.
Under the Medicare program, eligible beneficiaries may receive covered services in an ASC provided certain health, safety, and other requirements are met. Section 1832(a)(2)(F)(i) of the Act permits the Secretary to establish distinct criteria for facilities seeking designation as an ASC. The regulations at 42 CFR part 416 specify the conditions that an ASC must meet in order to participate in the Medicare program, the scope of covered services, and the conditions for Medicare payment for ASCs. Regulations pertaining to activities relating to the survey and certification of facilities are at 42 CFR part 488.
Generally, in order to enter into an agreement, an ASC must first be certified by a State survey agency as complying with the conditions or requirements set forth in Part 416. Thereafter, the ASC is subject to regular surveys by a State survey agency to determine whether it continues to meet these requirements. There is an alternative, however, to surveys by State agencies.
Section 1865(a)(1) of the Act provides that, if a provider entity demonstrates through accreditation by an approved national accrediting organization that all applicable Medicare conditions are met or exceeded, we will deem those provider entities as having met the requirements. Accreditation by an accrediting organization is voluntary and is not required for Medicare participation. In accordance with the requirements at 416.26, an ASC may be deemed to meet conditions for coverage if it is accredited by a national accrediting body.
If an accrediting organization is recognized by the Secretary as having standards for accreditation that meet or exceed Medicare requirements, any provider entity accredited by the national accrediting body's approved program would be deemed to meet the Medicare conditions. A national accrediting organization applying for approval of its accreditation program under Part 488 subpart A must provide us with reasonable assurance that the accrediting organization requires the accredited provider entities to meet requirements that are at least as stringent as the Medicare conditions. Our regulations concerning the approval of accrediting organizations are set forth at 488.4 and 488.8. The regulations at 488.8(d)(3) require accrediting organizations to reapply for continued approval of its accreditation program
AOA/HFAP's current term of approval for their ASC accreditation program expires October 23, 2012.
Section 1865(a)(3)(A) of the Act provides a statutory timetable to ensure that our review of applications for CMS-approval of an accreditation program is conducted in a timely manner. The Act provides us 210 days after the date of receipt of a complete application, with any documentation necessary to make the determination, to complete our survey activities and application process. Within 60 days after receiving a complete application, we must publish a notice in the
On May 25, 2012, we published a proposed notice in the
• An onsite administrative review of AOA/HFAP's—(1) corporate policies; (2) financial and human resources available to accomplish the proposed surveys; (3) procedures for training, monitoring, and evaluation of its surveyors; (4) ability to investigate and respond appropriately to complaints against accredited facilities; and (5) survey review and decision-making process for accreditation.
• The comparison of AOA/HFAP's accreditation to our current Medicare ASC conditions for coverage.
• A documentation review of AOA/HFAP's survey process for the following:
+ Determine the composition of the survey team, surveyor qualifications, and AOA/HFAP's ability to provide continuing surveyor training.
+ Compare AOA/HFAP's processes to those of State survey agencies, including survey frequency, and the ability to investigate and respond appropriately to complaints against accredited facilities.
+ Evaluate AOA/HFAP's procedures for monitoring ASC's found to be out of compliance with AOA/HFAP's program requirements. The monitoring procedures are used only when AOA/HFAP identifies noncompliance. If noncompliance is identified through validation reviews, the State survey agency monitors corrections as specified at 488.7(d).
+ Assess AOA/HFAP's ability to report deficiencies to the surveyed facilities and respond to the facility's plan of correction in a timely manner.
+ Establish AOA/HFAP's ability to provide CMS with electronic data and reports necessary for effective validation and assessment of the organization's survey process.
+ Determine the adequacy of staff and other resources.
+ Confirm AOA/HFAP's ability to provide adequate funding for performing required surveys.
+ Confirm AOA/HFAP's policies with respect to whether surveys are announced or unannounced.
+ Obtain AOA/HFAP's agreement to provide CMS with a copy of the most current accreditation survey together with any other information related to the survey as we may require, including corrective action plans.
In accordance with Section 1865(a)(3)(A) of the Act, the May 25, 2012 proposed notice also solicited public comments regarding whether AOA/HFAP's requirements met or exceeded the Medicare conditions for coverage for ASCs. We received one comment in response to our proposed notice. The commenter expressed support for AOA/HFAP's ASC accreditation program.
We compared AOA/HFAP's ASC requirements and survey process with the Medicare conditions for certification and survey process as outlined in the State Operations Manual (SOM). Our review and evaluation of AOA/HFAP's ASC application, which were conducted as described in section III of this final notice, yielded the following:
• To meet the requirements at 416.44(b)(1), AOA/HFAP revised its standards to include thresholds for new and existing Life Safety Code (LSC) requirements. In addition, AOA/HFAP revised its standards to ensure all waivers for LSC deficiencies are reviewed and approved by the CMS Regional Office.
• To meet the requirement at 416.44(b)(4), AOA/HFAP revised its standards to ensure all ASCs are in compliance with the emergency lighting requirements.
• To meet the requirement at 416.50, AOA/HFAP revised its crosswalk to include the patient rights condition for coverage requirements.
• To meet the requirements at 488.4, AOA/HFAP revised its policies to ensure the survey process requirements for ASCs is accurate, clear and complete.
• To meet the requirements at 488.8, AOA/HFAP modified its policies and procedures to ensure all complaints are appropriately triaged, and investigated.
• To meet the requirements at section 2728 of the SOM, AOA/HFAP modified its policies to ensure all accepted plans of correction include the citation cited, the procedure implementing the plan, and the monitoring procedure.
• To meet the requirements of 2728B, AOA/HFAP revised its policies to ensure all plans of correction contain the procedure for implementing the plan and the monitoring procedure to ensure cited deficiencies remain corrected and in compliance with the regulatory requirements.
• AOA/HFAP also made extensive organization-wide changes to their internal processes in response to an 18 month accreditation program review that was concluded in July 2012. AOA/HFAP demonstrated compliance with our requirements across their organization and accreditation programs.
Based on our review and observations described in section III of this final notice, we have determined that AOA/HFAP's requirements for ASCs meet or exceed our requirements. Therefore, we approve AOA/HFAP as a national accreditation organization for ASCs that request participation in the Medicare program, effective October 23, 2013 through October 23, 2017.
This document does not impose information collection and recordkeeping requirements. Consequently, it need not be reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget under the authority of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 35).