Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government
On January 10, 2001, President Clinton signed Eexecutive Order (EO) 13186, “Responsibilities of Federal Agencies to Protect Migratory Birds”. One of the requirements of E.O. 13186 is that each Federal agency taking actions that have, or are likely to have, a measurable negative effect on migratory bird populations is directed to develop and implement a MOU with the FWS that shall promote the conservation of migratory bird populations (E.O. 13186 Section 3(a)). On July 17, 2012, NMFS and FWS finalized this MOU to conserve migratory bird populations as prescribed by E.O. 13186. This MOU went into effect on the date it was signed.
This NMFS-FWS MOU encompasses all relevant seabird-related NMFS activities and identifies specific areas of collaboration and cooperation with FWS, including seabird bycatch reduction, information sharing and coordination, international policy and diplomacy, and habitat conservation. The MOU also provides for strengthening migratory bird conservation by identifying strategies that promote conservation and reduce adverse impacts on migratory birds through enhanced collaboration between NMFS and the FWS. In addition, This MOU identifies specific activities where cooperation between NMFS and the FWS, will contribute to the conservation of migratory birds and their habitat. These activities are intended to complement and support existing efforts and to facilitate new collaborative conservation efforts for migratory birds.
The complete text of the MOU is available at