Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government
The following is a summary of the application. The complete application may be obtained via the Commission's Web site by searching for the file number, or an applicant using the Company name box, at
1. The Fund is a non-diversified closed-end management investment company registered under the Act. The Fund is organized as a Maryland statutory trust. The Adviser serves as investment adviser and the Sub-Adviser as a subadviser to the Fund. The Distributor, a broker-dealer registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“1934 Act”), acts as principal underwriter for the Funds. The Distributor is an affiliated person, as defined in section 2(a)(3) of the Act, of the Adviser and of the Sub-Adviser.
2. The Fund continuously offers its shares (“Shares”) under the Securities Act of 1933. The Shares are not offered or traded in a secondary market and are not listed on any securities exchange or traded on any over-the counter system. Applicants do not expect that any secondary market will ever develop for the Shares.
3. The Fund currently offers an initial class of Shares (“Initial Class”) at net asset value subject to a sales load and an ongoing asset-based service and distribution fee and proposes to offer multiple classes of Shares. The Fund may offer a new Share class at net asset value that would not be subject to a front-end sales load or a service and distribution fee, but would be subject to a minimum purchase requirement. The Fund intends to continue to offer Initial Class Shares at net asset value subject to a sales load, a service and distribution fee, and minimum purchase requirements. The Fund may in the future adopt this or another structure with respect to distribution and service expenses. The Fund does not plan to offer exchange privileges.
4. In order to provide a limited degree of liquidity to Shareholders, the Funds may from time to time offer to repurchase Shares at net asset value in accordance with rule 13e-4 under the 1934 Act pursuant to written tenders by shareholders. A Fund will repurchase Shares at the times, in the amounts and on the terms as may be determined by the Board of Trustees (“Board”) of the Fund in its sole discretion. The Adviser expects to recommend ordinarily that the Board authorize each Fund to offer to repurchase Shares from Shareholders quarterly.
5. Applicants request that the order also apply to any other continuously offered registered closed-end management investment companies existing now or in the future for which the Advisers, the Distributor, or any entity controlling, controlled by or under common control with the Adviser or the Distributor acts as investment adviser or principal underwriter, and which provides periodic liquidity with respect to its Shares pursuant to rule 13e-4 under the 1934 Act (such investment companies, together with the Fund, the “Funds”).
6. Applicants represent that any asset-based service and distribution fees will comply with the provisions of rule 2830(d) of the Conduct Rules of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (“NASD Conduct Rule 2830”).
7. All expenses incurred by the Fund will be allocated among its various classes of Shares based on the respective net assets of the Fund attributable to each class, except that the net asset value and expenses of each class will reflect distribution fees, service fees, and any other incremental expenses of that class. Expenses of a Fund allocated to a particular class of Shares will be borne on a pro rata basis by each outstanding Share of that class. Applicants state that each Fund will comply with the provisions of rule 18f-3 under the Act as if it were an open-end investment company.
Applicants' Legal Analysis:
1. Section 18(c) of the Act provides, in relevant part, that a closed-end investment company may not issue or sell any senior security if, immediately thereafter, the company has outstanding more than one class of senior security. Applicants state that the creation of multiple classes of Shares of the Funds may be prohibited by section 18(c).
2. Section 18(i) of the Act provides that each share of stock issued by a registered management investment company will be a voting stock and have equal voting rights with every other outstanding voting stock. Applicants state that permitting multiple classes of Shares of the Funds may violate section 18(i) of the Act because each class would be entitled to exclusive voting rights with respect to matters solely related to that class.
3. Section 6(c) of the Act provides that the Commission may exempt any person, security or transaction or any class or classes of persons, securities or transactions from any provision of the Act, or from any rule under the Act, if and to the extent such exemption is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of the Act. Applicants request an exemption under section 6(c) from sections 18(c) and 18(i) to permit the Funds to issue multiple classes of shares.
4. Applicants submit that the proposed allocation of expenses and voting rights among multiple classes is equitable and will not discriminate against any group or class of shareholders. Applicants submit that the proposed arrangements would permit a Fund to facilitate the distribution of its Shares and provide investors with a broader choice of shareholder services. Applicants assert that the proposed closed-end investment company multiple class structure does not raise the concerns underlying section 18 of the Act to any greater degree than open-end investment companies' multiple class structures that are permitted by rule 18f-3 under the Act.
Applicants agree that any order granting the requested relief will be subject to the following condition:
Applicants will comply with the provisions of rules 12b-1 and 18f-3 under the Act, as amended from time to time or replaced, as if those rules applied to closed-end management investment companies, and will comply with the NASD Conduct Rule 2830, as amended from time to time, as if that rule applied to all closed-end management investment companies. Additionally, to the extent the Fund may determine to waive, impose scheduled variations of, or eliminate sales charges, it will do so consistently with the requirements of rule 22d-1 under the Act, as amended from time to time or replaced, as if that rule applied to closed-end management investment companies.
For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, under delegated authority.