Daily Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of the Federal Government
The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) assumed responsibility for regulating the HHG industry in 1996 from the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC). Congress terminated the ICC in the ICC Termination Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-88, 109 Stat. 803). Consequently, DOT inherited the responsibility of handling consumer complaints regarding deceptive business practices and hostage shipments. In 2000, FMCSA was delegated the responsibility for enforcement of HHG consumer protection in the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (MCSIA), Public Law 106-159, 113 Stat. 1748. However, FMCSA lacked the authority to fully address brokers and motor carriers engaged in the practice of holding HHG shipments hostage in violation of a contract. Congress responded by including the “Household Goods Movers Oversight Enforcement and Reform Act of 2005” in the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). In SAFETEA-LU, Congress specifically addressed (codified at 49 U.S.C. 14915) the problem of persons, including, but not limited to, brokers and motor carriers, who hold HHG shipments hostage. The statute defines a hostage shipment, establishes civil and criminal penalties, and permits the suspension of the operating authority registration of a motor carrier or broker from 12 to 36 months when it holds a shipment hostage.
Pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 14915, any person, including a motor carrier or broker, that holds a HHG shipment hostage is subject to a $10,000 civil penalty for each violation. Each day the goods are held hostage may constitute a separate violation. In addition with the publication of this policy statement FMCSA may suspend a broker or motor carrier's registration for a period of not less than 12 months or more than 36 months. The suspension of a carrier's or broker's registration extends to and includes any carrier or broker having the same ownership or operational control as the suspended carrier or broker.
FMCSA may suspend a carrier's or broker's registration upon a determination by FMCSA that the carrier or broker knowingly and willfully failed, in violation of a contract, to deliver or unload at the destination of a shipment of HHG for which charges have been estimated and for which payment has been tendered. Pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 13707(b)(3)(A), payment is tendered when a shipper pays: (1) 100 percent of the charges contained in a binding estimate provided by the carrier; (2) not more than 110 percent of the charges contained in a nonbinding estimate provided by the carrier; (3) or in the case of a partial delivery of the shipment, the prorated percentage of the charges.
FMCSA will take action to suspend a carrier's or broker's registration for hostage load violations in accordance with the procedures in 49 U.S.C. 13905. FMCSA may determine that a hostage load violation has occurred based on the results of an investigation, an Agency determination as stated in a final order, or admission by the motor carrier or broker. FMCSA initiates a proceeding to suspend the carrier's or broker's registration by issuing an order to the carrier or broker to show good cause why the registration should not be suspended in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 13905. The order provides notice of the alleged violation, explains how to submit a written response with supporting documentation, and informs the registered entity that failure to respond and demonstrate good cause will result in suspension of its registration.
The Agency Official who issued the order reviews the registered entity's response. After reviewing the response, the Agency Official issues a written decision and may take one of three actions. First, he or she may enter an order suspending the entity's
In determining whether to initiate a registration suspension for hostage load violations FMCSA generally considers a motor carrier's six-year compliance history. The six-year period is consistent with FMCSA's penalty assessment policies regarding “history of prior offenses” under 49 U.S.C. 521(b)(2)(D) and “pattern of violations” warranting assessment of maximum civil penalties under section 222 of MCSIA, see 69 FR 77828 (Dec. 28, 2004) and 74 FR 14184 (Mar. 30, 2009), and its determinations under 49 U.S.C. 13902 and 13905 on willingness and ability to comply with applicable regulations. See 77 FR 46147, 46144-46149 (Aug. 2, 2012). Accordingly, FMCSA may suspend the registration of a carrier or broker found holding a shipment hostage for a first time for no less than 12 months pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 14915. If a carrier or broker commits a second hostage load violation within 6 years of the first violation, FMCSA may suspend its registration for 24 months. If a carrier or broker commits a third violation within 6 years of the first violation, FMCSA may suspend its registration for 36 months.